Table of Contents
International Journal of Vehicular Technology
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 562424, 16 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/562424
Research Article

Optimisation of the Nonlinear Suspension Characteristics of a Light Commercial Vehicle

Mekar Mechatronics Research Labs, Department of Mechanical Engineering, İstanbul Okan University, Akfırat-Tuzla, TR-34959 İstanbul, Turkey

Received 9 October 2012; Revised 16 December 2012; Accepted 30 December 2012

Academic Editor: Shinsuke Hara

Copyright © 2013 Dinçer Özcan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. T. Tak and S. Chung, “An optimal design software for vehicle suspension systems,” in SAE Automotive Dynamics & Stability Conference, Troy, Mich, USA, May 2000, SAE Paper no: 2000-01-1618.
  2. D. Koulocheris, H. Vrazopoulos, and V. Dertimanis, “Optimisation algorithms for tuning suspension systems used in ground vehicles,” in Proceedings of International Body Engineering Conference & Exhibition and Automotive & Transportation Technology Conference, Paris, France, July 2002, SAE Paper no: 2002-01-2214.
  3. P. C. Wiers and A. K. Dhingra, “On the beneficial effects of anti-squat in rear suspension desion of a drag racing motorcycle,” Journal of Mechanical Design, vol. 124, no. 1, pp. 98–105, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. S. A. Mitchell, S. Smith, A. Damiano, J. Durgavich, and R. MacCracken, “Use of genetic algorithms with multiple metrics aimed at the optimization of automotive suspension systems,” in Proceedings of Motorsports Engineering Conference and Exhibition, Dearborn, Mich, USA, November 2004, SAE Paper no: 2004-01-3520.
  5. M. Raghavan, “Suspension design for linear toe curves: a case study in mechanism synthesis,” Journal of Mechanical Design, vol. 126, no. 2, pp. 278–282, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. H. V. Deo and N. P. Suh, “Axiomatic design of customizable automotive suspension,” in Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Axiomatic Design Seoul (ICAD '04), 2004.
  7. J. P. C. Goncalves and J. A. C. Ambrosio, “Road vehicle modelling requirements for optimization of ride and handling,” Multibody System Dynamics, vol. 13, pp. 3–23, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. P. Duysinx, O. Brüls, J. F. Collard, P. Fisette, C. Lauwerys, and J. Swevers, “Optimization of mechatronic systems: application to a modern car equipped with a semi-active suspension,” in Proceedings of the 6th World Congresses of Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2005.
  9. A. Eskandari, O. Mirzadeh, and S. Azadi, “Optimization of a McPherson suspension system using the design of experiments method,” in SAE Automotive Dynamics, Stability & Controls Conference and Exhibition, Novi, Mich, USA, February 2000.
  10. A. Boyalı, S. Öztürk, T. Yiğit, B. Aksun Güvenç, and L. Güvenç, “Use of computer aided methods in optimisation in vehicle suspension design and in designing active suspensions,” in Proceedings of the 6th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis (ESDA '02), Istanbul, Turkey, 2002.
  11. Y. He and J. McPhee, A review of automated design synthesis approaches for virtual development of ground vehicle suspensions SAE Paper no: 2007-01-0856, 2007.
  12. L. Li, C. Xia, and W. Qin, “Analysis of kinetic characteristic and structural parameter optimization of multi-link suspension,” in Proceedings of the 14th Asia Pacific Automotive Engineering Conference, Hollywood, Calif, USA, August 2007, SAE Paper no: 2007-01-3558.
  13. P. E. Uys, P. S. Els, and M. Thoresson, “Suspension settings for optimal ride comfort of off-road vehicles travelling on roads with different roughness and speeds,” Journal of Terramechanics, vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 163–175, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. H. Habibi, K. H. Shirazi, and M. Shishesaz, “Roll steer minimization of McPherson-strut suspension system using genetic algorithm method,” Mechanism and Machine Theory, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 57–67, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. P. C. Goncalves and J. A. C. Ambrosio, “Optimization of vehicle suspension systems for improved comfort of road vehicles using flexible multibody dynamics,” Nonlinear Dynamics, vol. 34, no. 1-2, pp. 113–131, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. L. Sun, “Optimum design of "road-friendly" vehicle suspension systems subjected to rough pavement surfaces,” Applied Mathematical Modelling, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 635–652, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. D. Cebon, Handbook of Vehicle-Road Interaction: Vehicle Dynamics, Suspension Design, and Road Damage, Taylor & Francis, Boca Raton, Fla, USA, 1999.
  18. CarMaker Reference Manual and User’s Guide.
  19. M. Li, Z. Changfu, P. Zhao, and J. Xiangping, “Parameters sensitivity analysis and optimization for the performance of vehicle handling,” in Proceedings of the 14th Asia Pacific Automotive Engineering Conference, Hollywood, Calif, USA, August 2007, SAE Paper no: 2007-01-3573.
  20. M. Jonasson and F. Roos, “Design and evaluation of an active electromechanical wheel suspension system,” Mechatronics, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 218–230, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. BS 6841, “British standard guide to measurement and evaluation of human exposure to whole-body mechanical vibration and repeated shock,” 1987. View at Google Scholar
  22. International Standard ISO-2631-1, Mechanical Vibration and Shock-Evaluation of Human Exposure To Whole-Body Vibration, Part 1: General Requirements, 2nd edition, 1997.
  23. K. M. A. Kamash and J. D. Robson, “The application of isotropy in road surface modelling,” Journal of Sound and Vibration, vol. 57, no. 1, pp. 89–100, 1978. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. International Standard ISO-8608, Mechanical Vibration—Road Surface Profiles—Reporting of Measured Data, 1st edition, 1995.