Table of Contents
Journal of Insects
Volume 2014, Article ID 951015, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/951015
Research Article

Surveillance of Aedes aegypti (L.) Mosquitoes in Mumbai International Seaport (India) to Monitor Potential Global Health Risks

1Centre for Medical Entomology & Vector Management, National Centre for Disease Control, 22 Sham Nath Marg, Delhi 110054, India
2Global Disease Detection, Indian Centre, National Centre for Disease Control, 22 Sham Nath Marg, Delhi 110054, India

Received 13 February 2014; Revised 13 May 2014; Accepted 4 June 2014; Published 29 June 2014

Academic Editor: José A. Martinez-Ibarra

Copyright © 2014 Kaushal Kumar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Aedes mosquitoes are highly invasive and can survive almost any climatic conditions. They transmit a number of major world's deadly diseases. Therefore, a study was undertaken during December 2010 to evaluate the entomo-epidemiological risk of Aedes mosquito borne diseases (VBD) in Mumbai international seaport areas to minimize potential global health risks and prevent introduction of new VBD in India. Surveys were undertaken in operational and residential areas of Mumbai Port Trust (MPT). All the entomological indices were found to be above the critical level, prescribed for seaports by International Health Regulations Act, 2005. The operational areas where large goods are handled from cargo ships were found to be more prone to mosquito breeding comparing to residential areas. High insecticide tolerance of Aedes aegypti population against temephos and fenthion from Mumbai port area is reported for the first time. A careful and regular invigilation of the international seaports to prevent building up of vector density of dengue/chikungunya and yellow fever is recommended.