Table of Contents
Journal of Insects
Volume 2015, Article ID 721751, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/721751
Review Article

Insect Vectors of Rice Yellow Mottle Virus

1Africa Rice Center (AfricaRice), 01 BP 2031 Cotonou, Benin
2University of Abomey-Calavi, 01 BP 4521 Cotonou, Benin
3AfricaRice Nigeria Station, c/o IITA, PMB 5320, Ibadan, Nigeria

Received 9 July 2014; Revised 2 November 2014; Accepted 5 November 2014

Academic Editor: Rostislav Zemek

Copyright © 2015 Augustin Koudamiloro et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Rice yellow mottle virus (RYMV) is the major viral constraint to rice production in Africa. RYMV was first identified in 1966 in Kenya and then later in most African countries where rice is grown. Several studies have been conducted so far on its evolution, pathogenicity, resistance genes, and especially its dissemination by insects. Many of these studies showed that, among RYMV vectors, insects especially leaf-feeders found in rice fields are the major source of virus transmission. Many studies have shown that the virus is vectored by several insect species in a process of a first ingestion of leaf material and subsequent transmission in following feedings. About forty insect species were identified as vectors of RYMV since 1970 up to now. They were essentially the beetles, grasshoppers, and the leafhoppers. For this review, we presented the chronology of their identification. Also, the biology, ecology, host range, distribution, and caused damage of these insects were briefly summarized.