Table of Contents
ISRN Mechanical Engineering
Volume 2011, Article ID 131087, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/131087
Research Article

CFD Modeling and Simulation of Hydrodynamics in a Fluidized Bed Dryer with Experimental Validation

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz Branch, Ahvaz 37333-61349, Iran

Received 15 January 2011; Accepted 7 March 2011

Academic Editors: H.-T. Low and A. Z. Sahin

Copyright © 2011 Mahdi Hamzehei. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Gas-solid fluidized bed dryers are used in a wide range of industrial applications. With applying computational fluid dynamic (CFD) techniques, hydrodynamics of a two-dimensional nonreactive gas-solid fluidized bed dryer was investigated. A multifluid Eulerian model incorporating the kinetic theory for solid particles was applied to simulate the unsteady state behavior of this dryer and momentum exchange coefficients were calculated by using the Syamlal-O'Brien drag functions. A suitable numerical method that employed finite volume method was used to discretize the equations. Simulation results also indicated that small bubbles were produced at the bottom of the bed. These bubbles collided with each other as they moved upwards forming larger bubbles. Also, solid particles diameter and superficial gas velocity effect on hydrodynamics were studied. Simulation results were compared with the experimental data in order to validate the CFD model. Pressure drops and bed expansion ratio as well as the qualitative gas-solid flow patterns predicted by the simulations were in good agreement with experimental measurements at superficial gas velocities higher than the minimum fluidization velocity. Furthermore, this comparison showed that the model can predict hydrodynamic behavior of gas solid fluidized bed reasonably well.