Table of Contents
ISRN Surgery
Volume 2011, Article ID 170285, 3 pages
Review Article

Transanal Resection of Rectal Lipoma Mimicking Rectal Prolapse: Description of a Case and Review of the Literature

1Department of General Surgery, University of Siena 53100 Siena, Italy
2Chirurgia Generale I, Dipartimento di Chirurgia, Ospedale Policlinico Le Scotte, Viale Bracci 16, 53100 Siena, Italy

Received 23 February 2011; Accepted 16 March 2011

Academic Editors: K. W. Eu and J. Y. Wang

Copyright © 2011 Jacopo Martellucci et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Submucosal lipomas of the large bowel are uncommon. Occasionally, they occur in the rectum and may cause aspecific symptoms; presentation with rectal prolapse is very unusual and may lead to a misdiagnosis of simple mucosal prolapse. The paper describes an additional case of a prolapsing rectal mass that led to diagnosis and surgical treatment of a rectal lipoma under local anesthesia.