Table of Contents
ISRN Renewable Energy
Volume 2011, Article ID 189734, 6 pages
Research Article

Effects of Local Biomass Availability and Road Network Properties on the Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Biomass Supply Chain

Lappeenranta University of Technology, Prikaatinkatu 3 E, 50100 Mikkeli, Finland

Received 1 August 2011; Accepted 17 August 2011

Academic Editors: K. Kaygusuz and S. Kim

Copyright © 2011 E. Jäppinen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. K. Karttunen et al., “Inland waterway transport of forest fuels,” Research Report, Lappeenranta University of Technology, 2008.
  2. Directive 2009/28/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources and amending and subsequently repealing Directives 2001/77/EC and 2003/30/EC.
  3. J. Leboreiro and A. K. Hilaly, “Biomass transportation model and optimum plant size for the production of ethanol,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 102, no. 3, pp. 2712–2723, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  4. P. Börjesson and L. Gustavsson, “Regional production and utilization of biomass in Sweden,” Energy, vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 747–764, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. P. I. I. Börjesson, “Emissions of CO2 from biomass production and transportation in agriculture and forestry,” Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 37, no. 6-8, pp. 1235–1240, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. European Commission, Report from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament on sustainability requirements for the use of solid and gaseous biomass sources in electricity, heating and cooling, 2010,
  7. Finnish Forest Research institute,
  8. SLICES Database. National Land Survey of Finland, 2006,
  9. J. Hynynen, “Bioenergiaa metsästä -metsiemme bioenergiavarat ja energiapuun talteenoton vaikutukset,” Finnish Forest Research Institute, Presentation in Energiapuussa tulevaisuus-conference, 2008.
  10. J. Laitila, A. Asikainen, and P. Anttila, “1. Energiapuuvarat,” in Energiapuun Korjuun Ympäristövaikutukset, Tutkimusraportti, M. Kuusinen and H. Ilvesniemi, Eds., pp. 6–12, Forestry Development Centre Tapio and Finnish Forest Research Institute, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  11. J. Laurila et al., “Metsäenergiapotentiaali ja energiapuun korjuun resurssitarpeet Etelä-Pohjanmaan metsäkeskuksen alueella,” Metsätieteen Aikakauskirja, vol. 4, pp. 355–365, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  12. M. Maidell et al., “Regional potentials for forest-based energy in Finland,” Pellervo Economic Research Institute, Working Papers No. 106. P. 42, 2008.
  13. K. Karttunen et al., “Energy wood from South-Savo,” Faculty of Technology, LUT Energy, Research Report 7, 2010.
  14. Digiroad, Finnish Transport Agency, 2010,
  15. GaBi Databases, 2006.
  16. Directive 96/53/EEC, OJ L.235, 1996,
  17. Decree on the use of vehicles on the road (1257/1992), Ministry of Transport and Communications of Finland.
  18. H. Backman and R. Nordström, Improved Performance of European Long Haulage Transport, report nr. 6E, TFK Transport Research Institute, 2002.
  19. J. B. Guinée et al., LCA An operational guide to the ISO-standards. Part 1: LCA in perspective, Final Report, 2001.
  20. A. Kariniemi et al., Feedstock Supply Chain CO2-eq Emissions—A Case Study on Forest Biomass for 2nd Generation Liquid Traffic Fuel, Metsäteho Oy, 2009.