Table of Contents
ISRN Renewable Energy
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 217484, 5 pages
Research Article

Spline-Based Formulas for the Determination of Equation of Time and Declination Angle

1Department of Computer Engineering, College of Engineering, Nahrain University, P.O. Box 64040, Jadriya, Baghdad, Iraq
2Computer Center, Al-Iraqiya University, P.O. Box 70710, Aadamiya, Baghdad, Iraq

Received 22 August 2011; Accepted 22 September 2011

Academic Editor: A. Romeo

Copyright © 2011 Fawzi Al-Naima and Bilal Abdul Majeed. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Z. Sen, Solar Energy Fundamentals and Modeling Techniques, Springer, New York, NY, USA, 2008.
  2. J. R. Howell, R. B. Bannerot, and G. C. Vliet, Solar Thermal Energy System: Analysis and Design, McGraw Hill, New York, NY, USA, 1982.
  3. T. Markvart and L. Castaner, Practical Handbook of Photovoltaic: Fundamentals and Applications, Elsevier, San Diego, Calif, USA, 2003.
  4. F. M. Al-Naima and S. C. Saxena, “Computer-aided techniques for the extraction of ECD parameters,” International Journal of Systems Science, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 747–757, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. F. M. Al-Naima and N. H. Yaghobian, “Design and construction of a microprocessor controlled solar tracking system,” International Journal of Solar and Wind Technology, vol. 7, no. 5, pp. 611–617, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  6. A. Pashayev, C. Ardil, and R. Sadiqov, “Interpolation of geofield parameters,” International Journal of Applied Science, Engineering and Technology, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 56–59, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  7. P. J. Lunde, Solar Thermal Engineering—Space Heating and Hot Water Systems, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 1980.
  8. M. Iqbal, An Introduction to Solar Radiations, Academic Press, New York, NY, USA, 1986.
  9. J. Kennewell and A. McDonald, “The equation of time,” Australian Government, ISP-Radio and Space Services,
  10. A. M. Whiteman, A Simple Expression for the Equation of Time, Villanova University, Department of Mechanical Engineering, 2003.
  11. G. M. Masters, Renewable and Efficient Electric Power Systems, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 2004.
  12. J. P. Deschamps, G. J. A. Bioul, and G. D. Sutter, Synthesis of Arithmetic Circuits: FPGA, ASIC, and Embedded Systems, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 2006.
  13. W. Cheney and D. Kincaid, Numerical Mathematics and Computing, Brooks/Cole, 1994.
  14. J. H. Mathews and K. D. Fink, Numerical Methods Using MATLAB, Pearson Prentice Hall, New Jersey, NJ, USA, 4th edition, 2004.
  15. J. Kiusalaas, Numerical Methods in Engineering with MATLAB, Cambridge University Press, New York, NY, USA, 2005.
  16. “Table of the declination of the sun mean value for the four years of a leap-year cycle,”
  17. “Table of mean value of the equation of time, in minutes (at true Noon),”
  18. S. Kilts, Advanced FPGA Design-Architecture, Implementation, and Optimization, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 2007.
  19. F. M. Al-Naima and B. R. Al-Taee, “An FPGA based stand-alone solar tracking system,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Energy Conference, (ENERGYCON '10), pp. 513–518, Manama, Bahrain, December, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar