Table of Contents
ISRN Surgery
Volume 2011, Article ID 241385, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/241385
Review Article

Colour Doppler and Volume Changes—Anterolateral Thigh Flap: The Sunnybrook Experience

1Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada M5G 2N2
2Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, ON, Canada M4N 3N5

Received 10 August 2011; Accepted 17 September 2011

Academic Editor: A. Petroianu

Copyright © 2011 Antoine Eskander et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper summarizes two recent ALT studies from our institution focusing on the utility of colour flow Doppler's ultrasonography and volumetric changes with radiation. Lastly, we will discuss recommended changes to practice due to the aforementioned studies. Our findings suggest that special care should be made to identify patients at high risk for peripheral arterial disease, and, if the reconstructive surgeon has any concerns, preoperative colour flow Doppler's ultrasonography should be undertaken to better characterize the perforator anatomy and avoid inappropriate flap elevation in patients with silent claudication. Particular detail should be paid to flap thickness especially in patients with increased body habitus. Radiation therapy has on average 20% flap volume-reducing effect, and an overestimation of volume in patients who will be undergoing radiotherapy should lead to the best contour and cosmetic outcomes.