Table of Contents
ISRN Nursing
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 315432, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/315432
Review Article

Reducing Needle Stick Injuries in Healthcare Occupations: An Integrative Review of the Literature

School of Psychology, University of Sydney, Brennan McCallum Building A18, NSW 2006, Australia

Received 8 February 2011; Accepted 14 March 2011

Academic Editors: N. M. C. Alexandre and E. Halcomb

Copyright © 2011 Lin Yang and Barbara Mullan. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Needlestick injuries frequently occur among healthcare workers, introducing high risk of bloodborne pathogen infection for surgeons, assistants, and nurses. This systematic review aims to explore the impact of both educational training and safeguard interventions to reduce needlestick injuries. Several databases were searched including MEDLINE, PsycINFO, SCOPUS, CINAHL and Sciencedirect. Studies were selected if the intervention contained a study group and a control group and were published between 2000 and 2010. Of the fourteen studies reviewed, nine evaluated a double-gloving method, one evaluated the effectiveness of blunt needle, and one evaluated a bloodborne pathogen educational training program. Ten studies reported an overall reduction in glove perforations for the intervention group. In conclusion, this review suggests that both safeguard interventions and educational training programs are effective in reducing the risk of having needlestick injuries. However, more studies using a combination of both safeguards and educational interventions in surgical and nonsurgical settings are needed.