Table of Contents
ISRN Mechanical Engineering
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 324659, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/324659
Research Article

Heat and Mass Transfer in Reduction Zone of Sponge Iron Reactor

1Department of Mechanical System Engineering, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto 860-8555, Japan
2Department of Chemical Engineering, Bandung Institute of Technology, Bandung 40132, Indonesia

Received 13 March 2011; Accepted 14 May 2011

Academic Editor: S.-H. Chuang

Copyright © 2011 Bayu Alamsari et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. Zhang and O. Ostrovski, “Iron ore reduction/cementation: experimental results and kinetic modelling,” Ironmaking and Steelmaking, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 15–21, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  2. A. Bonalde, A. Henriquez, and M. Manrique, “Kinetic analysis of the iron oxide reduction using hydrogen-carbon monoxide mixtures as reducing agent,” ISIJ International, vol. 45, no. 9, pp. 1255–1260, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. A. A. El-Geassy and V. Rajakumar, “Gaseous Reduction of Wustite with H2, CO and H2-CO mixtures,” Transactions of the Iron and Steel Institute of Japan, vol. 25, pp. 449–458, 1985. View at Google Scholar
  4. A. Pineau, N. Kanari, and I. Gaballah, “Kinetics of reduction of iron oxides by H2. Part I: low temperature reduction of hematite,” Thermochimica Acta, vol. 447, no. 1, pp. 89–100, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. J. Aguilar, R. Fuentes, and R. Viramontes, “Simulation of iron ore reduction in a fixed bed,” Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 131–147, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. D. R. Parisi and M. A. Laborde, “Modeling of counter current moving bed gas-solid reactor used in direct reduction of iron ore,” Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 104, no. 1–3, pp. 35–43, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. Y. Takenaka, Y. Kimura, K. Narita, and D. Kaneko, “Mathematical model of direct reduction shaft furnace and its application to actual operations of a model plant,” Computers and Chemical Engineering, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 67–75, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  8. N. S. Srinivasan, “Reduction of iron oxides by carbon in a circulating fluidized bed reactor,” Powder Technology, vol. 124, no. 1-2, pp. 28–39, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. O. Levenspiel, Chemical Reaction Engineering, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 2nd edition, 1962.
  10. K. Mondal, H. Lorethova, E. Hippo, T. Wiltowski, and S. B. Lalvani, “Reduction of iron oxide in carbon monoxide atmosphere—reaction controlled kinetics,” Fuel Processing Technology, vol. 86, no. 1, pp. 33–47, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. Y. Iguchi and S. Yokomoto, “Kinetics of the reactions in carbon composite iron ore pellets under various pressures from vacuum to 0.1 MPa,” ISIJ International, vol. 44, no. 12, pp. 2008–2017, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  12. G. V. Reklaitis, Introduction to Material and Energy Balances, John Wiley & Sons, 1st edition, 1983.
  13. D. W. Green and R. H. Perry, Perry's Chemical Engineer's Handbook, The McGraw-Hill Companies, 7th edition, 1999.
  14. C. C. Furnas, “Heat transfer from a gas stream to a bed of broken solids,” Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 26–31, 1930. View at Google Scholar
  15. P. Munster and H. J. Grabke, “Kinetics of the steam reforming of methane with iron, nickel, and iron-nickel alloys as catalysts,” Journal of Catalysis, vol. 72, no. 2, pp. 279–287, 1981. View at Google Scholar
  16. F. Bustamante, R. M. Enick, A. V. Cugini et al., “High-temperature kinetics of the homogeneous reverse water-gas shift reaction,” AIChE Journal, vol. 50, no. 5, pp. 1028–1041, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. J. Shi, E. Donskoi, D. L. S. McElwain, and L. J. Wibberley, “Modelling the reduction of an iron ore-coal composite pellet with conduction and convection in an axisymmetric temperature field,” Mathematical and Computer Modelling, vol. 42, no. 1-2, pp. 45–60, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. Empowerment and Research Society Institution of Bandung Institute of Technology (LPPM ITB), “Final report of direct reduction process simulation on Krakatau Steel Plant for pre-implementation of zero reformer process,” p. 55, June 2005. View at Google Scholar
  19. B. Alamsari, S. Torii, A. Trianto, and Y. Bindar, “Numerical simulation of iron ore reactor isobaric and cooling zone to investigate total carbon formation in sponge iron,” in Proceedings of the International Conference of Modeling and Simulation, pp. 88–92, Tokyo, Japan, May 2009.
  20. C. M. Diaz, A. Vahed, D. Shi, C. D. Doyle, A. E. M. Warner, and D. J. MacVicar, “Low temperature thermal upgrading of lateritic ores,” U S patent no. 5178666, 1993.