Table of Contents
ISRN Communications and Networking
Volume 2011, Article ID 324758, 5 pages
Research Article

Validation of Three-Dimensional Ray-Tracing Algorithm for Indoor Wireless Propagations

Department of Electrical, Electronic and Systems Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

Received 29 April 2011; Accepted 19 June 2011

Academic Editor: V. Tralli

Copyright © 2011 Majdi Salem et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. Hassan-Ali and K. Pahlavan, “A new statistical model for site-specific indoor radio propagation prediction based on geometric optics and geometric probability,” IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 112–123, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. T. Holt, K. Pahlavan, and J. F. Lee, “A graphical indoor radio channel simulator using 2D ray tracing,” in Proceedings of the 3rd IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications, pp. 411–416, October 1992.
  3. S. Naruniranat, Y. Huang, and D. Parsons, “A three-dimensional image ray tracing (3D-IRT) method for indoor wireless channel characterization,” in Proceedings of the High Frequency Postgraduate Student Colloquium, pp. 62–67, September 1999. View at Scopus
  4. J. Beneat and N. Bailey, “Optimization of building material properties for accurate indoor ray tracing models,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Military Communications Conference, (MILCOM '04), pp. 1010–1014, November 2004. View at Scopus
  5. E. Di Giampaolo and F. Bardati, “GTD ray tracing by topological mapping,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation Society, pp. 673–676, July 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. S. Seybold, Introduction to RF Propagation, John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ, USA, 2005.
  7. J. D. Parasons, The Mobile Radio Propagation Channel, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, UK, 2000.
  8. R. M. Ajay, Advanced Cellular Networks: Planning and Optimization, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 2007.
  9. R. Feick, M. S. Derpich, R. A. Valuenzuela et al., “An empirical study of the achievable rates of several indoor network-MIMO techniques,” IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 581–591, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. J. Moulson and J. M. Herbert, Electroceramics: Materials, Properties and Applications, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, UK, 2003.
  11. K. El-Kafrawy, M. Youssef, A. El-Keyi, and A. Naguib, “Propagation modeling for accurate indoor WLAN RSS-based localization,” in Proceedings of the IEEE 72nd Vehicular Technology Conference, (VTC '10), pp. 1–5, September 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. F. Albregtsen, “Geometrical Optics. Geometrical Optics I, Lecture Notes,” Universitetet i Oslo (UiO), 2008,
  13. A. Diakonov, Real-time caustics rendering, M.S. thesis, Institute of Mathematical Modelling, Technical University of Denmark, Denmark, 2009.
  14. P. Pechac and M. Klepal, “Effective indoor propagation predictions,” in Proceedings of the IEEE 54th Vehicular Technology Conference, (VTC '01), pp. 1247–1250, October 2001. View at Scopus