Table of Contents
ISRN Zoology
Volume 2011, Article ID 328670, 60 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/328670
Research Article

Secondary Sexual Characteristics in the Galerucinae (Sensu Stricto) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)

148 Jalan SS 15/3A, Subang Jaya, Selangor 47500, Malaysia
2National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20013-7012, USA

Received 27 January 2011; Accepted 3 March 2011

Academic Editors: M. Kuntner and T. Miyata

Copyright © 2011 M. S. Mohamedsaid and D. G. Furth. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A list of 1298 species and 172 genera of Chrysomelidae from the subfamily Galerucinae (sensu stricto) with the males having at least one form of secondary sexual characteristic (SSC) is presented. The number of species amounts to 24% of the total Galerucinae presently known from all over the world—a very significant amount. The SSCs comprise various types of modified structures found on all parts of the body—head, thorax, and abdomen. They are not variable but species specific. Illustrations from selected 87 species that include 84 images and 15 line drawings showing various types of SSC are provided. The amazing array of SSCs from the Galerucinae offers a large and taxonomically diverse set of data that are not comparable with other subfamilies in the Chrysomelidae and may be useful in phylogenetic analysis of the family.