Table of Contents
ISRN Dermatology
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 342909, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/342909
Case Report

Xanthoma Disseminatum In a Pair of Blind, Deaf Male Twins

1Western University of Health Sciences, 309 East Second Street, Pomona, CA 91766, USA
2Department of Dermatology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
3University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA

Received 11 January 2011; Accepted 10 February 2011

Academic Editors: E. Fonseca, H. Starz, and A. Tosca

Copyright © 2011 Naveed Natanzi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. R. Hammon and I. R. A. MacKenzie, “Xanthoma disseminatum with massive intracranial involvement,” Clinical Neuropathology, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 314–321, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  2. R. H. Giller, R. Folberg, R. V. Keech, W. W. Piette, and Y. Sato, “Xanthoma disseminatum. An unusual histiocytosis syndrome,” American Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 252–257, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. C. W. H. Davies, P. Marren, M. C. Juniper, W. Gray, F. Wojnorowska, and M. K. Benson, “Xanthoma disseminatum with respiratory tract involvement and fatal outcome,” Thorax, vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 170–172, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. R. Caputo, S. Veraldi, R. Grimalt et al., “The various clinical patterns of Xanthoma disseminatum. Considerations on seven cases and review of the literature,” Dermatology, vol. 190, no. 1, pp. 19–24, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. R. Caputo, M. Monti, E. Berti, and G. Gasparini, “Normolipemic eruptive cutaneous xanthomatosis,” Archives of Dermatology, vol. 122, no. 11, pp. 1294–1297, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. A. Mishkel, W. P. Cockshott, and D. J. Nazir, “Xanthoma disseminatum. Clinical, metabolic, pathologic, and radiologic aspects,” Archives of Dermatology, vol. 113, no. 8, pp. 1094–1100, 1977. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. B. Yağci, A. Varan, G. Altinok, F. Söylemezoğlu, A. Cila, and M. Büyükpamukçu, “Xanthoma disseminatum in a child with cranial bone involvement,” Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 310–312, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  8. H. Montgonery and O. E. Osterberg, “Correlation of clinical histopathologic and chemical studies of cutaneous xanthomatas,” Archives of Dermatology and Syphilis, vol. 37, pp. 373–502, 1938. View at Google Scholar
  9. T. S. Paolini and T. N. Helm, “Photo quiz. Xanthoma disseminatum,” Cutis, vol. 65, no. 6, pp. 351–384, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  10. J. Altman and R. K. Winkelmann, “Diffuse normolipemic plane xanthoma. Generalized xanthelasma,” Archives of dermatology, vol. 85, pp. 633–640, 1962. View at Google Scholar
  11. J. Beurey, B. Lamaze, M. Weber et al., “Xanthoma disseminatum (Montgomery's syndrome),” Annales de Dermatologie et de Venereologie, vol. 85, pp. 164–170, 1963. View at Google Scholar
  12. A. Von Grafe, “Verhandlungen arztlicher Gessellschaften: ein Fall von eigentumlichen Tumoren auf Hornhauten,” Klin Wochenschr, vol. 4, p. 323, 1867. View at Google Scholar
  13. N. B. Chepuri and V. R. Challa, “Xanthoma disseminatum: a rare intracranial mass,” American Journal of Neuroradiology, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 105–108, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. F Casset, C Nezlof, and V. Ferrans, “The histiocytosis,” Pathol Ann., pp. 27–78, 1982. View at Google Scholar
  15. E. M. McMillan, G. B. Humphrey, and L. Stoneking, “Analysis of histiocytosis X infiltrates with monoclonal antibodies directed against cells of histiocytic, lymphoid, and myeloid lineage,” Clinical Immunology and Immunopathology, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 295–301, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. T. J. Harrist, A. K. Bhan, and G. F. Murphy, “Histiocytosis X: in situ characterization of cutaneous infiltrates with monoclonal antibodies,” American Journal of Clinical Pathology, vol. 79, no. 3, pp. 294–300, 1983. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. B. W. H. Zelger, A. Sidoroff, G. Orchard, and R. Cerio, “Non-Langerhans cell histiocytoses: a new unifying concept,” American Journal of Dermatopathology, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 490–504, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. A. S. Alexander, R. Turner, L. Uniate, and R. G. Pearcy, “Xanthoma disseminatum: a case report and literature review,” British Journal of Radiology, vol. 78, no. 926, pp. 153–157, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. Altman and R. K. Winkelman, “Xanthoma disseminatum,” Archives of Dermatology, vol. 86, no. 5, pp. 582–596, 1962. View at Google Scholar
  20. C. Varotti, V. Bettoli, E. Berti, S. Cavicchini, and R. Caputo, “Xanthoma disseminatum: a case with extensive mucous membrane involvement,” Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 433–436, 1991. View at Google Scholar
  21. Y. Kilinc, C. Ozsahinoglu, S. Varinli, A. Acar, and M. Kaya, “An unusual case of Xanthoma disseminatum,” International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 73–79, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. A. Turner, J. Davidson, and A. White, “Xanthomatosis: some aspects of its blood chemistry and pathology, case 4,” Edinburgh Medical Journal, vol. 32, p. 153, 1925. View at Google Scholar
  23. R. M. Knobler, R. A. Neumann, W. Gebhart, TH. Radaskiewicz, P. Ferenci, and K. Widhalm, “Xanthoma disseminatum with progressive involvement of the central nervous and hepatobiliary systems,” Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 341–346, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  24. R. R. Hammon and I. R. A. MacKenzie, “Xanthoma disseminatum with massive intracranial involvement,” Clinical Neuropathology, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 314–321, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  25. D. B. Flach and R. K. Winkelmann, “Juvenile xanthogranuloma with central nervous system lesions,” Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 405–411, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  26. N. Weiss and C. Keller, “Xanthoma disseminatum: a rare normolipemic xanthomatosis,” Clinical Investigator, vol. 71, no. 3, pp. 233–238, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  27. J. R. Moloney, “Xanthoma disseminatum: Its otolaryngological manifestations,” Journal of Laryngology and Otology, vol. 93, no. 2, pp. 201–209, 1979. View at Google Scholar
  28. M. A. Mishkel, W. P. Cockshott, and D. J. Nazir, “Xanthoma disseminatum. Clinical, metabolic, pathologic, and radiologic aspects,” Archives of Dermatology, vol. 113, no. 8, pp. 1094–1100, 1977. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  29. E. Ringel and S. Moschella, “Primary histiocytic dermatoses,” Archives of Dermatology, vol. 121, no. 12, pp. 1531–1541, 1985. View at Google Scholar
  30. E. D. Seaton, G. J. Pillai, and A. C. Chu, “Treatment of xanthoma disseminatum with cyclophosphamide,” British Journal of Dermatology, vol. 150, no. 2, pp. 346–349, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  31. A. Schrott and H. Spoendlin, “Pigment anomaly-associated inner ear deafness,” Acta Oto-Laryngologica, vol. 103, no. 5-6, pp. 451–457, 1987. View at Google Scholar