Table of Contents
ISRN Pediatrics
Volume 2011, Article ID 365712, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/365712
Review Article

Impact of Inflammatory Bowel Disease upon Growth in Children and Adolescents

1Department of Paediatrics, University of Otago, Christchurch, Riccarton Avenue, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand
2Department of Paediatrics, Christchurch Hospital, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand

Received 26 January 2011; Accepted 10 March 2011

Academic Editors: R. S. Trompeter and B. Vasarhelyi

Copyright © 2011 V. Moeeni and A. S. Day. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are chronic inflammatory processes affecting the gastrointestinal tract. When diagnosed in childhood and adolescence, IBD almost always impacts adversely upon the nutritional state of the patient. Weight loss and impaired linear growth may be present at diagnosis or subsequently. Further potential nutritional consequences in childhood IBD include malnutrition, anaemia, osteopaenia, and delayed puberty. Understanding the nutritional aspects of IBD is paramount in growing children, especially those entering and advancing through puberty. This paper focuses upon the nutritional impacts of IBD in children and adolescents.