Table of Contents
ISRN Dentistry
Volume 2011, Article ID 367318, 7 pages
Review Article

A Systematic Review of Root Canal Filling Materials for Deciduous Teeth: Is There an Alternative for Zinc Oxide-Eugenol?

Department of Community and Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Rio de Janeiro State University, Avenida 28 de Setembro, 157, sala 226, 20551-030 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

Received 27 August 2010; Accepted 12 October 2010

Academic Editors: Y. Abe, G. V. Kulkarni, and M. I. Ryder

Copyright © 2011 Fernanda Barja-Fidalgo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The aim of this systematic review was to determine whether there is a root canal filling for deciduous teeth equally or more effective than zinc oxide-eugenol cement (ZOE). Six clinical trials selected for inclusion were independently reviewed by two researchers. Only two showed statistically significant different success rates between the test and the control groups. One found that an iodoform paste with calcium hydroxide ( I P + C a ) performed better than ZOE, and the other found that ZOE performed similarly to I P + C a . The other four studies compared ZOE with an iodoform paste (IP), a calcium hydroxide cement ( C a ( O H ) 2 ) , or I P + C a . In these trials, the success rates in the ZOE groups were slightly lower than in the other groups. There seems to be no convincing evidence to support the superiority of any material over ZOE, and both ZOE and I P + C a appear to be suitable as root canal fillings for deciduous teeth.