Table of Contents
ISRN Ecology
Volume 2011, Article ID 369573, 13 pages
Review Article

Risks and Precautions of Genetically Modified Organisms

1Institute of Microbial Technology (CSIR), Sector 39A, Chandigarh 160036, India
2Department of Biotechnology, UIET, Punjab University, Chandigarh, India
3Department of Biotechnology, Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya (A Central University), Bilaspur 495009, India

Received 9 August 2011; Accepted 18 September 2011

Academic Editor: L. Chícharo

Copyright © 2011 Dhan Prakash et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Commercial potential of biotechnology is immense since the scope of its activity covers the entire spectrum of human life. The most potent biotechnological approach is the transfer of specifically constructed gene assemblies through various techniques. However, this deliberate modification and the resulting entities thereof have become the bone of contention all over the world. Benefits aside, genetically modified organisms (GMOs) have always been considered a threat to environment and human health. In view of this, it has been considered necessary by biosafety regulations of individual countries to test the feasibility of GMOs in contained and controlled environments for any potential risks they may pose. This paper describes the various aspects of risk, its assessment, and management which are imperative in decision making regarding the safe use of GMOs. Efficient efforts are necessary for implementation of regulations. Importance of the risk assessment, management, and precautionary approach in environmental agreements and activism is also discussed.