Table of Contents
ISRN Civil Engineering
Volume 2011, Article ID 374807, 10 pages
Research Article

Flexural Behavior of Reinforced High-Performance Concrete Beams Made with Steel Slag Coarse Aggregate

Concrete Structures Research Institute, Housing & Building National Research Center, 87 El-Tahrir Street, Dokki, P.O. Box 1770, Giza 11511, Egypt

Received 17 July 2011; Accepted 11 August 2011

Academic Editors: M. Maslehuddin and S. Pantazopoulou

Copyright © 2011 Saaid I. Zaki et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


In recent years, an emerging technology termed high-performance concrete (HPC) has become popular in construction industry. The constituent materials of HPC depend on the desired characteristics and the availability of suitable local economic alternatives. One of these alternatives is steel slag waste material. It is an industrial by-product waste particles resulted from reinforcing steel bars manufacture, its production is very huge; total quantity produced from all steel rebars manufacture factories in Egypt is nearly million tons/year. HPC made with steel slag aggregate (SSA) is considered as green concrete, using of steel-slag as a coarse aggregate increases the probability of consuming such large accumulations of slag (in HPC industry) which they represent as a waste and polluted material in environment. A total of eight under, balanced and over reinforced concrete beams were fabricated and tested. RC beams were made with HPC having compressive strength of 58.1 and 75.6 MPa and tensile reinforcement ratio in the range of 0.90 to 4.3%. Data presented concentrated on the chemical, physical, and mechanical properties of the used new material (SSA) and the flexural behavior of reinforced high-performance concrete beams made with steel slag coarse aggregate (RHPC-SSA) beams. It was observed that the RHPC-SSA beams can give satisfactory structural performance according to the American and Egyptian Building Codes.