Table of Contents
ISRN Dermatology
Volume 2011, Article ID 384729, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/384729
Clinical Study

Prognostic Variables and Surgical Management of Foot Melanoma: Review of a 25-Year Institutional Experience

1Department of Surgery, Virginia Commonwealth University and the Massey Cancer Center, Richmond, VA 23298-0645, USA
2Department of Pathology, Virginia Commonwealth University and the Massey Cancer Center, Richmond, VA 23298-0662, USA

Received 18 April 2011; Accepted 15 May 2011

Academic Editors: A. Firooz and A. Zalewska

Copyright © 2011 Omar M. Rashid et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. D. S. Rigel and J. A. Carucci, “Malignant melanoma: prevention, early detection, and treatment in the 21st century,” Ca-A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 215–236, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. J. F. Tseng, K. K. Tanabe, M. A. Gadd et al., “Surgical management of primary cutaneous melanomas of the hands and feet,” Annals of Surgery, vol. 225, no. 5, pp. 544–553, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. R. J. Booher and G. T. Pack, “Malignant melanoma of the feet and hands,” Surgery, vol. 42, no. 6, pp. 1084–1121, 1957. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. U. Veronesi and N. Cascinelli, “Narrow excision (1-cm margin): a safe procedure for thin cutaneous melanoma,” Archives of Surgery, vol. 126, no. 4, pp. 438–441, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. U. Veronesi, N. Cascinelli, J. Adamus et al., “Thin stage I primary cutaneous malignant melanoma. comparison of excision with margins of 1 or 3 cm,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 318, no. 18, pp. 1159–1162, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. R. J. Gray, B. A. Pockaj, M. L. Vega et al., “Diagnosis and treatment of malignant melanoma of the foot,” Foot and Ankle International, vol. 27, no. 9, pp. 696–705, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. D. Byar, C. Blackard, and W. W. Christeson, “Comparisons of placebo, pyridoxine, and topical thiotepa in preventing recurrence of stage I bladder cancer,” Urology, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 556–561, 1977. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. N. Doganaksoy and W. Nelson, “A Method to compare two samples of recurrence data,” Lifetime Data Analysis, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 51–63, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. McIntosh, “Analyzing counts, durations, and recurrences in clinical trials,” Journal of Biopharmaceutical Statistics, vol. 11, no. 1-2, pp. 65–74, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  10. B. C. Barnes, H. F. Seigler, T. S. Saxby, M. S. Kocher, and J. M. Harrelson, “Melanoma of the foot,” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery A, vol. 76, no. 6, pp. 892–898, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. C. L. Day Jr., A. J. Sober, A. W. Kopf et al., “A prognostic model for clinical stage I melanoma of the lower extremity: location on foot as independent risk factor for recurrent disease,” Surgery, vol. 89, no. 5, pp. 599–603, 1981. View at Google Scholar
  12. C. E. Feibleman, H. Stoll, and J. C. Maize, “Melanomas of the palm, sole, and nailbed: a clinicopathologic study,” Cancer, vol. 46, no. 11, pp. 2492–2504, 1980. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. P. T. Fortin, A. A. Freiberg, R. Rees, V. K. Sondak, and T. M. Johnson, “Malignant melanoma of the foot and ankle,” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery A, vol. 77, no. 9, pp. 1396–1403, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. C. Garbe, P. Buttner, J. Bertz et al., “Primary cutaneous melanoma: prognostic classification of anatomic location,” Cancer, vol. 75, no. 10, pp. 2492–2498, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. P. J. Geraghty, T. M. Johnson, V. K. Sondak, and A. E. Chang, “Surgical therapy of primary cutaneous melanoma,” Seminars in Surgical Oncology, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 386–393, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. L. E. Hughes, K. Horgan, B. A. Taylor, and P. Laidler, “Malignant melanoma of the hand and foot: diagnosis and management,” British Journal of Surgery, vol. 72, no. 10, pp. 811–815, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. A. Keyhani, “Comparison of clinical behavior of melanoma of the hands and feet: a study of 283 patients,” Cancer, vol. 40, no. 6, pp. 3168–3173, 1977. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. K. Magnus, “Prognosis in malignant melanoma of the skin: significance of stage of disease, anatomical site, sex, age and period of diagnosis,” Cancer, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 389–397, 1977. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. E. Nagore, V. Oliver, R. Botella-Estrada, S. Moreno-Picot, C. Guillen, and J. M. Fortea, “Clinicopathological analysis of 1571 cutaneous malignant melanomas in Valencia, Spain: factors related to tumour thickness,” Acta Dermato-Venereologica, vol. 86, no. 1, pp. 50–56, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  20. J. Rex, C. Paradelo, C. Mangas, J. M. Hilari, M. T. Fernandez-Figueras, and C. Ferrandiz, “Management of primary cutaneous melanoma of the hands and feet: a clinicoprognostic study,” Dermatologic Surgery, vol. 35, no. 10, pp. 1505–1513, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  21. C. L. Slingluff Jr., R. Vollmer, and H. F. Seigler, “Acral melanoma: a review of 185 patients with identification of prognostic variables,” Journal of Surgical Oncology, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 91–98, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. K. Sondergaard and G. Olsen, “Malignant melanoma of the foot: a clinicopathological study of 125 primary cutaneous malignant melanomas,” Acta Pathologica et Microbiologica Scandinavica A, vol. 88, no. 5, pp. 275–283, 1980. View at Google Scholar
  23. E. Soudry, H. Gutman, M. Feinmesser, R. Gutman, and J. Schachter, “‘Gloves-and-socks’ melanoma: does histology make a difference?” Dermatologic Surgery, vol. 34, no. 10, pp. 1372–1378, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  24. M. M. Urist, C. M. Balch, and S. J. Soong, “The influence of surgical margins and prognostic factors predicting the risk of local recurrence in 3445 patients with primary cutaneous melanoma,” Cancer, vol. 55, no. 6, pp. 1398–1402, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus