Table of Contents
ISRN Oncology
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 403707, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/403707
Review Article

The Chemopreventive Properties and Therapeutic Modulation of Green Tea Polyphenols in Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma

1Tooth Bioengineering National Research Lab, BK21, and Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul 110-749, Republic of Korea
2Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Hangang Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University, Seoul 140-719, Republic of Korea
3Oral Oncology Clinic, Research Institute and Hospital, National Cancer Center, 323 Ilsan-ro, Ilsandong-gu, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do 410-769, Republic of Korea

Received 25 February 2011; Accepted 20 March 2011

Academic Editor: A. Sapino

Copyright © 2011 Ui-Lyong Lee and Sung-Weon Choi. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Chemoprevention is a relatively novel and promising approach for controlling cancer that uses specific natural products or synthetic agents to suppress, reverse, or prevent premalignancy before transformation into invasive cancer. Oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OCSCC) represents a large, worldwide health burden with approximately 274,000 cases diagnosed annually worldwide. Smoking and alcohol consumption are major inducers of OCSCC. Recently, the human papilloma virus was also shown to potentially be an etiologic factor. Due to its easily identifiable risk factors and the presence of premalignant regions, oral cancer makes a good candidate for chemoprevention. Green tea is the most widely consumed beverage in the world, and it has received considerable attention because of its abundant, scientifically proven, beneficial effects on human health. In this review, we discuss the role of green tea in oral cancer chemoprevention with regard to the multiple molecular mechanisms proposed in various in vitro, in vivo, and clinical trials.