Table of Contents
ISRN Pathology
Volume 2011, Article ID 415614, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/415614
Research Article

c-kit and bcl-2 Are Not Useful Markers in Differentiating Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma from Polymorphous Low-Grade Adenocarcinoma

1Division of Oral Pathology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Private Bag 3, Wits, 2050 Johannesburg, South Africa
2Division of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 2050 Johannesburg, South Africa

Received 28 April 2011; Accepted 24 May 2011

Academic Editors: A. Navarro and H.-U. Schildhaus

Copyright © 2011 Shabnum Meer et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Aims. To evaluate the immunohistochemical expression of bcl-2 and c-kit proteins in the salivary gland tumors, adenoid cystic carcinoma, and polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma with a view to tumor differentiation. Methods. Immunohistochemical studies were performed on 29 adenoid cystic carcinoma and 23 polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma archival cases with bcl-2 and c-kit antibodies using standard procedures, and the data were statistically analyzed. Results. The difference in bcl-2 expression in adenoid cystic carcinoma and polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma was not statistically significant. Whilst the difference in c-kit expression was statistically significant ( 𝑃 = 0 . 0 1 ), the difference proved small so as to be of no practical or diagnostic importance. Moderate to strong immunostaining was noted in adenoid cystic carcinoma with c-kit, the pattern and intensity varying within different histological subtypes, being greater the more aggressive the tumor subtype. Conclusions. Bcl-2 and c-kit are not useful as immunohistochemical markers in differentiating adenoid cystic carcinoma from polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma.