Table of Contents
ISRN Veterinary Science
Volume 2011, Article ID 497138, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/497138
Research Article

Modulating Role of Vitamins C and E against Transport-Induced Stress in Pullets during the Hot-Dry Conditions

1College of Agriculture and Animal Science, Division of Agricultural Colleges, P. M. B 2134, Ahmadu Bello University, Mando, 2134 Kaduna, Nigeria
2Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, 1082 Zaria, Nigeria

Received 6 September 2010; Accepted 29 September 2010

Academic Editors: R. Gamble and M. Malkinson

Copyright © 2011 N. S. Minka and J. O. Ayo. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The modulating effects of ascorbic acid (AA), vitamin E (E), and a combination of AA and E ( A A + E ) against eight-hour road transportation stress were investigated in 120 pullets during the hot-dry season. The result obtained showed that handling, loading and transportation induced lymphopenia, neutrophilia, liveweight loss, and mortality, which was alleviated by oral administration of AA, E, and A A + E at doses of 60 mg, 30 mg, and 6 0 + 3 0  mg per kg bodyweight, respectively, 30 minutes before being loaded and transported. The meteorological conditions recorded during the study period were higher ( 𝑃 < . 0 5 ) than the thermoneutral values established for chickens in the zone. In conclusion, the administration of vitamins AA, E, and A A + E , especially AA, ameliorated the risk of adverse effects of handling, loading, transportation, and thermal stress in pullets during the hot-dry season.