Table of Contents
ISRN Pediatrics
Volume 2011, Article ID 514323, 10 pages
Research Article

To Explore the Experiences of Women on Reasons in Initiating and Maintaining Breastfeeding in Urban Area of Karachi, Pakistan: An Exploratory Study

1University of London, 32 Russell Square, London WC1B 5DN, UK
2Catco Kids, Bahria Complex 2, 1st Floor, MT Khan Road, Karachi, Pakistan
3The Aga Khan University School of Nursing, Karachi 3500, Pakistan

Received 24 January 2011; Accepted 31 March 2011

Academic Editors: M. Adhikari and D. D. Trevisanuto

Copyright © 2011 Zahra Shaheen Premani et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This is an exploratory study that explores the experiences of lactating women in initiating, continuing, or discontinuing breastfeeding in an urban area of Karachi, Pakistan. Objectives. To explore the experiences of lactating women and to understand their support and hindering mechanisms in initiating and maintaining breastfeeding. Methods. This is an exploratory design assisting in exploring the participant's experiences of initiating and maintaining breastfeeding to better understand their world. Purposive sampling was used, and data was analyzed through manual thematic analysis. Results. The data revealed that mother's knowledge, sociocultural environment, breastfeeding decision, and self- and professional support acted as driving forces for the participants. However, sociocultural environment, physiological changes, time management, and being a housewife to breastfeed their children were all challenges and barriers that the participants thought hindered their breastfeeding initiation and maintenance. Conclusion. Breastfeeding is a natural but taxing phenomenon, and breastfeeding mothers experience supporting and hindering factors in initiating and maintaining breastfeeding.