Table of Contents
ISRN Materials Science
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 523124, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/523124
Review Article

Reverse Osmosis and Membrane Distillation for Desalination of Groundwater: A Review

1Sir Visvesvaraya Institute of Technology, University of Pune, Chincholi, Nashik 422 101, India
2National Chemical Laboratory, Pune 411008, India

Received 3 April 2011; Accepted 10 May 2011

Academic Editors: M. Giovannini and N. Munroe

Copyright © 2011 Bhausaheb L. Pangarkar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Y. Li and K. Tian, “Application of vacuum membrane distillation in water treatment,” Journal of Sustainable Development, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 183–186, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  2. B. L. Pangarkar, P. V. Thorat, S. B. Parjane, and R. M. Abhang, “Performance evaluation of vacuum membrane distillation for desalination by using a flat sheet membrane,” Desalination and Water Treatment, vol. 21, no. 1-3, pp. 328–334, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. L. F. Greenlee, D. F. Lawler, B. D. Freeman, B. Marrot, and P. Moulin, “Reverse osmosis desalination: water sources, technology, and today's challenges,” Water Research, vol. 43, no. 9, pp. 2317–2348, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. T. Abraham and A. Luthra, “Socio-economic and technical assessment of photovoltaic powered membrane desalination processes for India,” Desalination, vol. 268, no. 1–3, pp. 238–248, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. R. Kumar, R. D. Singh, and K. D. Sharma, “Water resources of India,” Current Science, vol. 89, no. 5, pp. 794–811, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. Ministry of Water Resources, “Integrated water resources development a plan for action,” Report for the National Commission for Integrated Water Resource Development, 1999.
  7. G. Emerson, Every Drop is Precious: Greywater as an Alternative Water Source, vol. 98 of Research Bulletin no.4, Queensland Parliamentary Library, 1998.
  8. A. M'nif, S. Bouguecha, B. Hamrouni, and M. Dhahbi, “Coupling of membrane processes for brackish water desalination,” Desalination, vol. 203, no. 1–3, pp. 331–336, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. B. M. Jha, “Ground water quality in shallow aquifers of India,” Central ground water board, Ministry of water resources, Govt. of India, 2010.
  10. O. T. Komesli, K. Teschner, W. Hegemann, and C. F. Gokcay, “Vacuum membrane applications in domestic wastewater reuse,” Desalination, vol. 215, no. 1—3, pp. 22–28, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. G. W. Meindersma, C. M. Guijt, and A. B. de Haan, “Desalination and water recycling by air gap membrane distillation,” Desalination, vol. 187, no. 1–3, pp. 291–301, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. Xu, M. Furuswa, and A. Ito, “Air-sweep vacuum membrane distillation using fine silicone, rubber, hollow-fiber membranes,” Desalination, vol. 191, no. 1–3, pp. 223–231, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. S. Otles and S. Otles, “Desalination techniques,” Electronic Journal of Environmental, Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 963–969, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  14. M. D. Kumar and T. Shah, “Groundwater pollution and contamination in India: the emerging challenge,” Research report, International water management Institute, South Asia regional programme, India project office.
  15. Ministry of Water Resource, Govt. of India, http://wrmin.nic.in/index3.asp?subsublinkid=782&langid=1&sslid=801.
  16. Report of Ministry of Water Resource, Govt. of India, http://wrmin.nic.in/writereaddata/linkimages/wq11955194163.pdf.
  17. T. Younos and K. E. Tulou, “Overview of desalination techniques,” Journal of Contemporary Water Research and Education, vol. 132, no. 3, p. 10, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  18. F. Macedonio and E. Drioli, “Pressure-driven membrane operations and membrane distillation technology integration for water purification,” Desalination, vol. 223, no. 1–3, pp. 396–409, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. Safavi and T. Mohammadi, “High-salinity water desalination using VMD,” Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 149, no. 1–3, pp. 191–195, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. T. Mohammadi and M. Safavi, “Application of Taguchi method in optimization of desalination by vacuum membrane distillation,” Desalination, vol. 249, no. 1, pp. 83–89, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. Z. Jin, D. L. Yang, S. H. Zhang, and X. G. Jian, “Hydrophobic modification of poly(phthalazinone ether sulfone ketone) hollow fiber membrane for vacuum membrane distillation,” Journal of Membrane Science, vol. 310, no. 1-2, pp. 20–27, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. T. Mohammadi and M. Akbarabadi, “Separation of ethylene glycol solution by vacuum membrane distillation (VMD),” Desalination, vol. 181, no. 1–3, pp. 35–41, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. J. Li, Z. Xu, Z. Liu et al., “Micro porous polypropylene and polyethylene hollow fibre membranes: Part 3. experimental studies on membrane distillation for desalination,” Desalination, vol. 155, no. 2, pp. 153–156, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  24. Y. Xu, B. Zhu, and Y. Xu, “Pilot test of vacuum membrane distillation for seawater desalination on a ship,” Desalination, vol. 189, no. 1–3, pp. 165–169, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. E. Mathioulakis, V. Belessiotis, and E. Delyannis, “Desalination by using alternative energy: review and state-of-the-art,” Desalination, vol. 203, no. 1–3, pp. 346–365, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. A. Al-Karaghouli, D. Renne, and L. Kazmerski, “Review technical and economic assessment of photovoltaic-driven desalination systems,” Renewable Energy, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 323–328, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. J. P. Mericq, S. Laborie, and C. Cabassud, “Vacuum membrane distillation for an integrated seawater desalination process,” Desalination and Water Treatment, vol. 9, pp. 293–302, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. M. C. Mickly, “Review of concentrate management options, ground water report 363, technical papers, case studies and desalination technology resource,” in The Future of Desalination in Texas, vol. 2, Texas Water Development Board, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  29. C. Mooij, “Hamma water desalination plant: planning and funding,” Desalination, vol. 203, no. 1–3, pp. 107–118, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. M. Gryta, “Desalination of thermally softened water by membrane distillation process,” Desalination, vol. 257, no. 1–3, pp. 30–35, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. N. Tang, Q. Jia, H. Zhang, J. Li, and S. Cao, “Preparation and morphological characterization of narrow pore size distributed polypropylene hydrophobic membranes for vacuum membrane distillation via thermally induced phase separation,” Desalination, vol. 256, no. 1–3, pp. 27–36, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. M. Khayet, “Membranes and theoretical modeling of membrane distillation: a review,” Advances in Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 164, no. 1-2, pp. 56–88, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. M. A. Izquierdo-Gil and G. Jonsson, “Factors affecting flux and ethanol separation performance in vacuum membrane distillation,” Journal of Membrane Science, vol. 214, no. 1, pp. 113–130, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. D. E. Suk, T. Matsuura, H. B. Park, and Y. M. Lee, “Development of novel surface modified phase inversion membranes having hydrophobic surface-modifying macromolecule for vacuum membrane distillations,” Desalination, vol. 261, no. 3, pp. 300–312, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. M. Gryta, “Application of membrane distillation process for tap water purification,” Membrane Water Treatment, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1–12, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  36. S. R. Pinappu, “Composite membranes for membrane distillation desalination process,” Final report, New Mexico State University, 2010.
  37. “A solar desalination system using the membrane distillation process,” Technical Boucher 46, CADDET Renewable Energy, Harwell, UK, 1996.
  38. Y. Yun, R. Ma, W. Zhang, A. G. Fane, and J. Li, “Direct contact membrane distillation mechanism for high concentration NaCl solutions,” Desalination, vol. 188, no. 1–3, pp. 251–262, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. M. Khayet, M. P. Godino, and J. I. Mengual, “Theoretical and experimental studies on desalination using the sweeping gas membrane distillation method,” Desalination, vol. 157, no. 1–3, pp. 297–305, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. A. M. Islam, Membrane Distillation Process for Pure Water and Removal of Arsenic, M.S. thesis, 2004.
  41. T. F. Speth, R. S. Summers, and A. M. Gusses, “Nanofiltration foulants from a treated surface water,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 32, no. 22, pp. 3612–3617, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. J. R. V. Flora, “Stochastic approach to modeling surface fouling of ultrafiltration membranes,” Journal of Membrane Science, vol. 76, no. 1, pp. 85–88, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. A. S. Al-Amoudi, “Factors affecting natural organic matter (NOM) and scaling fouling in NF membranes: a review,” Desalination, vol. 259, no. 1–3, pp. 1–10, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. B. van der Bruggen, C. Vandecasteele, T. van Gestel, W. Doyen, and R. Leysen, “A review of pressure-driven membrane processes in wastewater treatment and drinking water production,” Environmental Progress, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 46–56, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. H. S. Vrouwenvelder, J. A. M. van Paassen, H. C. Folmer, J. A. M. H. Hofman, M. M. Nederlof, and D. van der Kooij, “Biofouling of membranes for drinking water production,” Desalination, vol. 118, no. 1–3, pp. 157–166, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. S. Shirazi, C. Lin, and D. Chen, “Inorganic fouling of pressure-driven membrane processes—a critical review,” Desalination, vol. 250, no. 1, pp. 236–248, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. A. M. Farooque, A. S. Al-Amoudi, and A. M. Hassan, “Chemical cleaning experiments for performance restoration of NF membranes operated on seawater feed,” in Proceedings of the IDA Conference, Manama, Bahrain, March 2002.
  48. A. S. Al-Amoudi and A. M. Farooque, “Performance restoration and autopsy of NF membranes used in seawater pretreatment,” Desalination, vol. 178, no. 1–3, pp. 261–271, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. D. Hasson, A. Drak, and R. Semiat, “Inception of CaSO4 scaling on RO membranes at various water recovery levels,” Desalination, vol. 139, no. 1–3, pp. 73–81, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. R. W. Lee, J. Glater, Y. Cohen et al., “Low-pressure RO membrane desalination of agricultural drainage water,” Desalination, vol. 155, no. 2, pp. 109–120, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. A. Rahardianto, W. Y. Shih, R. W. Lee, and Y. Cohen, “Diagnostic characterization of gypsum scale formation and control in RO membrane desalination of brackish water,” Journal of Membrane Science, vol. 279, no. 1-2, pp. 655–668, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. A. Jawor and E. M. V. Hoek, “Effects of feed water temperature on inorganic fouling of brackish water RO membranes,” Desalination, vol. 235, no. 1–3, pp. 44–57, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. A. Kullab and A. Martin, “Membrane distillation and applications for water purification in thermal cogeneration plants,” Separation and Purification Technology, vol. 76, no. 3, pp. 231–237, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. N. Dow, J. Zhang, M. Duke, J. Li, S. R. Gray, and E. Ostarcevic, “Membrane distillation of brine wastes,” Research Report 63, Water Quality Research Australia Ltd, 2008.
  55. M. Gryta, “Effect of iron oxides scaling on the MD process performance,” Desalination, vol. 216, no. 1–3, pp. 88–102, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. S. Srisurichan, R. Jiraratananon, and A. G. Fane, “Mass transfer mechanisms and transport resistances in direct contact membrane distillation process,” Journal of Membrane Science, vol. 277, no. 1-2, pp. 186–194, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  57. C. Tansakul, S. Laborie, and C. Cabassud, “Membrane hybrid processes for pretreatment before seawater reverse osmosis desalination,” Desalination and Water Treatment, vol. 9, no. 1–3, pp. 279–286, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  58. A. M. Alklaibi and N. Lior, “Membrane-distillation desalination: status and potential,” Desalination, vol. 171, no. 2, pp. 111–131, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  59. E. Drioli and Y. Wu, “Membrane distillation : an experimental study,” Desalination, vol. 53, no. 1–3, pp. 339–346, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  60. H. S. Vrouwenvelder, J. A. M. van Paassen, H. C. Folmer, J. A. M. H. Hofman, M. M. Nederlof, and D. van der Kooij, “Biofouling of membranes for drinking water production,” Desalination, vol. 118, no. 1–3, pp. 157–166, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  61. L. Muthumariappan, “Energy conservation systems in reverse osmosis desalination plants,” TWAD Technical Newsletter, January, 2004.
  62. A. M. Helal, S. A. Al-Malek, and E. S. Al-Katheeri, “Economic feasibility of alternative designs of a PV-RO desalination unit for remote areas in the United Arab Emirates,” Desalination, vol. 221, no. 1–3, pp. 1–16, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  63. A. Lamei, P. V. Zaag, and E. V. Münch, “Impact of solar energy cost on water production cost of seawater desalination plants in Egypt,” Energy Policy, vol. 36, no. 5, pp. 1748–1756, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  64. T. Y. Cath, V. D. Adams, and A. E. Childress, “Experimental study of desalination using direct contact membrane distillation: a new approach to flux enhancement,” Journal of Membrane Science, vol. 228, no. 1, pp. 5–16, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  65. A. Criscuoli, M. C. Carnevale, and E. Drioli, “Energy requirements in membrane distillation: evaluation and optimization,” Desalination, vol. 200, no. 1–3, pp. 586–587, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  66. F. Macedonio, E. Curcio, and E. Drioli, “Integrated membrane systems for seawater desalination: energetic and exergetic analysis, economic evaluation, experimental study,” Desalination, vol. 203, no. 1–3, pp. 260–276, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  67. A. Criscuoli, M. C. Carnevale, and E. Drioli, “Evaluation of energy requirements in membrane distillation,” Chemical Engineering and Processing, vol. 47, no. 7, pp. 1098–1105, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  68. M. Busch, R. Chu, U. Kolbe, Q. Meng, and S. Li, “Ultrafiltration pretreatment to reverse osmosis for seawater desalination-three years field experience in the Wangtan Datang power plant,” Desalination and Water Treatment, vol. 10, no. 1–3, pp. 1–20, 2009. View at Google Scholar