Table of Contents
ISRN Orthopedics
Volume 2011, Article ID 570329, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/570329
Clinical Study

Functional Outcome in Athletes at Five Years of Arthroscopic Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

Department of Orthopaedics, Pt. B. D. Sharma University of Health Sciences, Rohtak, Medical Campus, Haryana, India

Received 16 April 2011; Accepted 9 May 2011

Academic Editors: P. V. Kumar, G. Papachristou, and S. Siegler

Copyright © 2011 Ashish Devgan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. F. R. Noyes, P. A. Mooar, D. S. Matthews, and D. L. Butler, “The symptomatic anterior cruciate-deficient knee. Part I: the long-term functional disability in athletically active individuals,” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, vol. 65, no. 2, pp. 154–162, 1983. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. W. J. McDaniel Jr. and T. B. Dameron Jr., “Untreated ruptures of the anterior cruciate ligament. A follow-up study,” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, vol. 62, no. 5, pp. 696–705, 1980. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. F. Sherman, R. F. Warren, J. L. Marshall, and G. J. Savatsky, “A clinical and radiographical analysis of 127 anterior cruciate insufficient knees,” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, no. 227, pp. 229–237, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. G. B. Maletis, S. L. Cameron, J. J. Tengan, and R. J. Burchette, “A prospective randomized study of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a comparison of patellar tendon and quadruple-strand semitendinosus/gracilis tendons fixed with bioabsorbable interference screws,” American Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 384–394, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  5. L. A. Pinczewski, J. Lyman, L. J. Salmon, V. J. Russell, J. Roe, and J. Linklater, “A 10-year comparison of anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions with hamstring tendon and patellar tendon autograft: a controlled, prospective trial,” American Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 564–574, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  6. M. Lidén, L. Ejerhed, N. Sernert, G. Laxdal, and J. Kartus, “Patellar tendon or semitendinosus tendon autografts for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a prospective, randomized study with a 7-year follow-up,” American Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 35, no. 5, pp. 740–748, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  7. J. H. Ahn, J. S. Park, Y. S. Lee, and Y. J. Cho, “Femoral bioabsorbable cross-pin fixation in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction,” Arthroscopy, vol. 23, no. 10, pp. 1093–1099, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  8. C. Prodromos and B. Joyce, “Endobutton femoral fixation for hamstring anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: surgical technique and results,” Techniques in Orthopaedics, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 233–237, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. T. Rose, P. Hepp, J. Venus, C. Stockmar, C. Josten, and H. Lill, “Prospective randomized clinical comparison of femoral transfixation versus bioscrew fixation in hamstring tendon ACL reconstruction: a preliminary report,” Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, vol. 14, no. 8, pp. 730–738, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  10. J. Kvist, A. Ek, K. Sporrstedt, and L. Good, “Fear of re-injury: a hindrance for returning to sports after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction,” Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 393–397, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  11. A. Gobbi and R. Francisco, “Factors affecting return to sports after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with patellar tendon and hamstring graft: a prospective clinical investigation,” Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, vol. 14, no. 10, pp. 1021–1028, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  12. F. W. Smith, E. A. Rosenlund, A. K. Aune, J. A. MacLean, and S. W. Hillis, “Subjective functional assessments and the return to competitive sport after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction,” British Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 279–284, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. A. F. Anderson, “Rating scales,” in Knee Surgery, F. Fu, C. Harner, and K. Vince, Eds., pp. 275–296, William & Wilkins, Baltimore, Md, USA, 1994. View at Google Scholar
  14. Y. Tegner and J. Lysholm, “Rating systems in the evaluation of knee ligament injuries,” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol. 198, pp. 43–49, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. G. Laxdal, J. Kartus, L. Ejerhed et al., “Outcome and risk factors after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a follow-up study of 948 patients,” Arthroscopy, vol. 21, no. 8, pp. 958–964, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  16. A. Harilainen, E. Linko, and J. Sandelin, “Randomized prospective study of ACL reconstruction with interference screw fixation in patellar tendon autografts versus femoral metal plate suspension and tibial post fixation in hamstring tendon autografts; 5-Year clinical and radiological follow-up results,” Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 517–528, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  17. G. Myklebust, I. Holm, S. Mæhlum, L. Engebretsen, and R. Bahr, “Clinical, functional, and radiologic outcome in team handball players 6 to 11 years after anterior cruciate ligament injury: a follow-up study,” American Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 981–989, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. K. Satku, V. P. Kumar, and S. S. Ngoi, “Anterior cruciate ligament injuries. To counsel or to operate?” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, vol. 68, no. 3, pp. 458–461, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. I. Kostogiannis, E. Ageberg, P. Neuman, L. Dahlberg, T. Fridén, and H. Roos, “Activity level and subjective knee function 15 years after anterior cruciate ligament injury: a prospective, longitudinal study of nonreconstructed patients,” American Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 35, no. 7, pp. 1135–1143, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  20. L. Ejerhed, J. Kartus, K. Kohler, N. Sernert, and J. Karlson, “Patellar tendon or semitendinoses autograft for ACL reconstruction? A prospective randomized study,” 2001, ISAKOS Paper Abstract.
  21. W. P. H. Charlton, D. A. Randolph Jr., S. Lemus, and C. S. Shields Jr., “Clinical anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with quadrupled tendon autograft and biodegradable interference screw fixation,” American Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 518–521, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  22. A. Matsumoto, S. Yoshiya, H. Muratsu et al., “A comparison of bone-patellar tendon-bone and bone-hamstring tendon-bone autografts for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction,” American Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 213–219, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  23. A. Jaeger, F. Welsch, and C. Kappler, “One incision arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using patellar tendon autograft—a ten year follow up,” 2001, ISAKOS Paper Abstract.
  24. Y. Nakayama, Y. Shirai, T. Narita, A. Mori, and K. Kobayashi, “Knee functions and a return to sports activity in competitive athletes following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction,” Journal of Nippon Medical School, vol. 67, no. 3, pp. 172–176, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  25. C. Fabbriciani, G. Milano, P. D. Mulas, F. Ziranu, and G. Severini, “Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with doubled semitendinosus and gracilis tendon graft in rugby players,” Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 2–7, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  26. Y. H. Lee, S. A. Karim, and H. C. Chang, “Return to sports after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction—a review of patients with minimum 5-year follow-up,” Annals of the Academy of Medicine Singapore, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 273–278, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. H. Asano, “Fear in sports activity after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. E-poster 93,” in Proceedings of the 6th Biennial ISAKOS Congress, Florence, Italy, 2007.
  28. M. Rathinam, Y. Pengas, A. Hatcher et al., “Does ACL reconstruction restore sports activity. E-poster 144.,” in Proceedings of the 6th Biennial ISAKOS Congress, Florence, Italy, 2007.
  29. M. D. Ross, J. J. Irrgang, C. R. Denegar, C. M. McCloy, and E. T. Unangst, “The relationship between participation restrictions and selected clinical measures following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction,” Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 10–19, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  30. J. Kvist, “Rehabilitation following anterior cruciate ligament injury: current recommendations for sports participation,” Sports Medicine, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 269–280, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus