Table of Contents
ISRN Nanotechnology
Volume 2011, Article ID 583215, 9 pages
Research Article

Investigation of Surface Self-Nanocrystallization in 0Cr18Ni9Ti Induced by Surface Mechanical Attrition Treatment

College of Materials Science & Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China

Received 22 March 2011; Accepted 28 April 2011

Academic Editors: H. Bei, E. Le Bourhis, and X. Zeng

Copyright © 2011 Guangmin Sheng. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


By means of shot peening (a form of surface mechanical attrition treatment (SMAT)), a nanostructured surface layer was formed on the cross-sectional surface of a 0Cr18Ni9Ti bar. Several characterization methods in common use, such as OM, SEM, TEM, and XRD, were adopted to systematically characterize microstructure features of the nanostructured layer in the top surface of the sample. Microstructure features of the surface layer, which appeared mainly as severely deformed and contained grains with size in nanomagnitude, could be intuitionisticly presented through OM, SEM, and TEM. XRD was a useful method and average grain size and mean microstrain could be quantitatively calculated from the XRD patterns. In addition, analyses of XRD patterns showed that there was a martensite transformation in the top surface layer. Microhardness distribution along the depth of the deformation layer from the top surface showed that the surface self-nanocrystallization (SSNC) layer is a gradient structure and that the hardness of the top surface is greatly enhanced due to grain refinement and work hardening.