Table of Contents
ISRN Pulmonology
Volume 2011, Article ID 645718, 3 pages
Case Report

Staphylococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome Complicating Influenza A Infection in a Young Child

The Departments of Pediatrics (TRP, DEH, ESB, KAP), Pediatric Critical Care (RJJ), and Pathology (ELP), Wake Forest School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA

Received 9 March 2011; Accepted 19 April 2011

Academic Editors: H. Hemilä and L. Molinos

Copyright © 2011 Timothy R. Peters et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is a potentially lethal but rare complication of influenza infection. We report a case of TSS and influenza A infection in a 5-year-old boy without respiratory symptoms, in whom tracheal aspirate bacterial culture grew a toxin-producing strain of Staphylococcus aureus. Bacterial culture of the upper respiratory tract should be considered in patients with influenza-associated toxic shock syndrome.