Table of Contents
ISRN Pulmonology
Volume 2011, Article ID 659103, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/659103
Case Report

Laryngo-Tracheal Displacement and Respiratory Distress in an Infant with Congenital Thymic Hyperplasia

1University Children's Hospital, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, Theodor-Kutzer-Ufer 1-3, 68167 Mannheim, Germany
2Department of Radiology, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, Theodor-Kutzer-Ufer 1-3, 68167 Mannheim, Germany

Received 14 February 2011; Accepted 3 April 2011

Academic Editors: N. P. Juffermans and B. A. Rybicki

Copyright © 2011 Michael Wolff et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Thymic hyperplasia is usually an asymptomatic condition observed in infancy. A five-week-old boy presented with respiratory distress and feeding disorder, in which chest X-ray and bronchoscopy revealed a strong laryngotracheal displacement. Sonography and MRI confirmed the diagnosis of a thymic hyperplasia. Corticosteroid therapy led to improvement of clinical symptoms. Thymic hyperplasia may lead to laryngo-tracheal displacement and respiratory distress in neonates and young children.