Table of Contents
ISRN Gastroenterology
Volume 2011, Article ID 686803, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/686803
Clinical Study

Incidence and Predictors of Gastrocutaneous Fistula in the Pediatric Patient

Pediatric General Surgery, Department of Surgery, Stollery Children's Hospital, University of Alberta, 2C3.56 WMC, 8440-112 Street, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2B7

Received 25 September 2010; Accepted 28 October 2010

Academic Editors: D. Beattie and V. Velanovich

Copyright © 2011 Ioana Bratu and Aamir Bharmal. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. Bankhead, J. Boullata, S. Brantley et al., “Enteral nutrition practice recommendations,” Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 122–167, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. G. V. Stiegmann, J. S. Goff, D. Silas, N. Pearlman, J. Sun, and L. Norton, “Endoscopic versus operative gastrostomy: final results of a prospective randomized trial,” Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 1–5, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. B. H. Cameron, G. K. Blair, J. J. Murphy, and G. C. Fraser, “Morbidity in neurologically impaired children after percutaneous endoscopic versus stamm gastrostomy,” Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 41–44, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. T. L. Åvitsland, C. Kristensen, R. Emblem, M. Veenstra, T. Mala, and K. Bjørnland, “Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy in children: a safe technique with major symptom relief and high parental satisfaction,” Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 624–628, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. Yaseen, M. I. Steele, and J. E. Grunow, “Nonendoscopic removal of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tubes: morbidity and mortality in children,” Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 235–238, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. M. Gordon and J. C. Langer, “Gastrocutaneous fistula in children after removal of gastrostomy tube: incidence and predictive factors,” Journal of Pediatric Surgery, vol. 34, no. 9, pp. 1345–1346, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. G. E. Kobak, D. T. McClenathan, and S. J. Schurman, “Complications of removing percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tubes in children,” Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 404–407, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. T. A. Janik, R. J. Hendrickson, J. S. Janik, and A. E. Landholm, “Analysis of factors affecting the spontaneous closure of a gastrocutaneous fistula,” Journal of Pediatric Surgery, vol. 39, no. 8, pp. 1197–1199, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. B. W. Davies, A. R. Watson, J. E. Coleman, and C. H. Rance, “Do gastrostomies close spontaneously? A review of the fate of gastrostomies following successful renal transplantation in children,” Pediatric Surgery International, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 326–328, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. N. El-Rifai, L. Michaud, K. Mention et al., “Persistence of gastrocutaneous fistula after removal of gastrostomy tubes in children: prevalence and associated factors,” Endoscopy, vol. 36, no. 8, pp. 700–704, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. E. Teitelbaum, S. A. Gorcey, and V. L. Fox, “Combined endoscopic cautery and clip closure of chronic gastrocutaneous fistulas,” Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, vol. 62, no. 3, pp. 432–435, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. Eskaros, V. Ghevariya, M. Krishnaiah, A. Asarian, and S. Anand, “Percutaneous endoscopic suturing: an effective treatment for gastrocutaneous fistula,” Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, vol. 70, no. 4, pp. 768–771, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J. Wood, S. Leong, M. McCarter, N. Pearlman, G. Stiegmann, and R. J. Gonzalez, “Endoscopic-assisted closure of persistent gastrocutaneous fistula with a porcine fistula plug: report of a new technique,” Surgical Innovation, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 53–56, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J. Akhras, M. Tobi, and A. Zagnoon, “Endoscopic fibrin sealant injection with application of hemostatic clips: a novel method of closing a refractory gastrocutaneous fistula,” Digestive Diseases and Sciences, vol. 50, no. 10, pp. 1872–1874, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. P. Thurairajah and A. B. Hawthorne, “Endoscopic clipping of a nonhealing gastrocutaneous fistula following gastrostomy removal,” Endoscopy, vol. 36, no. 9, p. 834, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. A. González-Ojeda, J. Avalos-González, M. I. Muciño-Hernández et al., “Fibrin glue as adjuvant treatment for gastrocutaneous fistula after gastrostomy tube removal,” Endoscopy, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 337–341, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. J. Makris and R. G. Sheiman, “Percutaneous treatment of a gastrocutaneous fistula after gastrostomy tube removal,” Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, vol. 13, no. 2, part 1, pp. 205–207, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. S. Peter, M. Geyer, and C. Beglinger, “Persistent gastrocutaneous fistula after percutaneous gastrostomy tube removal,” Endoscopy, vol. 38, no. 5, pp. 539–540, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus