Table of Contents
ISRN Pulmonology
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 716486, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/716486
Research Article

Pleural Fluid Soluble Triggering Receptor Expressed on Myeloid Cells-1 in Complicated and Uncomplicated Parapneumonic Pleural Effusions

1Chest Department, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta 33633, Egypt
2Internal Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta 33633, Egypt
3Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta 33633, Egypt

Received 12 July 2011; Accepted 4 August 2011

Academic Editor: M. L. Metersky

Copyright © 2011 Adel Salah Bediwy et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. W. Light, “Parapneumonic effusions and empyema,” Proceedings of the American Thoracic Society, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 75–80, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  2. R. W. Light, Pleural Diseases, Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, Md, USA, 4th edition, 2001.
  3. H. Hamm and R. W. Light, “Parapneumonic effusion and empyema,” European Respiratory Journal, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 1150–1156, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. Bouchon, J. Dietrich, and M. Colonna, “Cutting edge: inflammatory responses can be triggered by TREM-1, a novel receptor expressed on neutrophils and monocytes,” Journal of Immunology, vol. 164, no. 10, pp. 4991–4995, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. Cohen, “TREM-1 in sepsis,” Lancet, vol. 358, no. 9284, pp. 776–778, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  6. S. Gibot, A. Cravoisy, B. Levy, M. C. Bene, G. Faure, and P. E. Bollaert, “Soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells and the diagnosis of pneumonia,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 350, no. 5, pp. 451–458, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  7. M. C. Chan, K. M. Chang, W. C. Chao et al., “Evaluation of a new inflammatory molecule (triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1) in the diagnosis of pleural effusion,” Respirology, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 333–338, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  8. C. L. Liu, W. Y. Hsieh, C. L. Wu, H. T. Kuo, and Y. T. Lu, “Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 in pleural effusions: a marker of inflammatory disease,” Respiratory Medicine, vol. 101, no. 5, pp. 903–909, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  9. L. Y. Huang, H. Z. Shi, Q. L. Liang, Y. B. Wu, X. J. Qin, and Y. Q. Chen, “Expression of soluble triggering receptor expression on myeloid cells-1 in pleural effusion,” Chinese Medical Journal, vol. 121, no. 17, pp. 1656–1661, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. L. A. Mandell, R. G. Wunderink, A. Anzueto et al., “Infectious Diseases Society of America/American Thoracic Society Consensus Guidelines on the management of community-acquired pneumonia in adults,” Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 44, supplement 2, pp. S27–S72, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  11. S. A. Sahn, “Management of complicated parapneumonic effusions,” American Review of Respiratory Disease, vol. 148, no. 3, pp. 813–817, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. E. Heffner, L. K. Brown, C. Barbieri, and J. M. DeLeo, “Pleural fluid chemical analysis in parapneumonic effusions: a meta- analysis,” American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, vol. 151, no. 6, pp. 1700–1708, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J. M. Porcel, M. Vives, G. Cao et al., “Biomarkers of infection for the differential diagnosis of pleural effusions,” European Respiratory Journal, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 1383–1389, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  14. T. Yasuda, Y. Takeyama, T. Ueda et al., “Increased levels of soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 in patients with acute pancreatitis,” Critical Care Medicine, vol. 36, no. 7, pp. 2048–2053, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  15. M. P. Radsak, C. Taube, P. Haselmayer et al., “Soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 1 is released in patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease,” Clinical and Developmental Immunology, vol. 2007, Article ID 52040, 7 pages, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  16. J. Phua, E. S. C. Koay, D. Zhang et al., “Soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 in acute respiratory infections,” European Respiratory Journal, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 695–702, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  17. L. Richeldi, M. Mariani, M. Losi et al., “Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells: role in the diagnosis of lung infections,” European Respiratory Journal, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 247–250, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. N. A. Lourens, L. H. Bösenberg, G. R. Tintinger et al., “Soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells in patients with suspected meningitis, peritonitis, or pleuritis,” Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 157–162, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. Bishara, E. Goldberg, S. Ashkenazi et al., “Soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 for diagnosing empyema,” Annals of Thoracic Surgery, vol. 87, no. 1, pp. 251–254, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  20. C. Delclaux and E. Azoulay, “Inflammatory response to infectious pulmonary injury,” European Respiratory Journal, vol. 22, no. 42, pp. 10s–14s, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus