Table of Contents
ISRN Surgery
Volume 2011, Article ID 719715, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/719715
Review Article

A Systematic and Evidence-Based Approach to the Management of Vertebral Metastasis

1Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, 2500 N. State Street, Jackson, MS 39216, USA
2Department of Nuclear Medicine, University of Mississippi Medical Center, 2500 N. State Street, Jackson, MS 39216, USA

Received 6 May 2011; Accepted 21 June 2011

Academic Editors: A. J. Parry, A. Petroianu, B. H. Yong, and D. E. Ziogas

Copyright © 2011 Richard L. S. Jennelle et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. G. E. M. Kienstra, C. B. Terwee, F. W. Dekker et al., “Prediction of spinal epidural metastases,” Archives of Neurology, vol. 57, no. 5, pp. 690–695, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. C. Lu, R. G. Gonzalez, F. A. Jolesz, P. Y. Wen, and J. A. Talcott, “Suspected spinal cord compression in cancer patients: a multidisciplinary risk assessment,” Journal of Supportive Oncology, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 305–312, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. A. Bayley, M. Milosevic, R. Blend et al., “A prospective study of factors predicting clinically occult spinal cord compression in patients with metastatic prostate carcinoma,” Cancer, vol. 92, no. 2, pp. 303–310, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. D. Schiff, B. P. O'Neill, C. H. Wang, and J. R. O'Fallon, “Neuroimaging and treatment implications of patients with multiple epidural spinal metastases,” Cancer, vol. 83, no. 8, pp. 1593–1601, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. R. George, “Interventions for the treatment of metastatic extradural spinal cord compression in adults,” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, no. 1, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  6. D. A. Loblaw and N. J. Laperriere, “Emergency treatment of malignant extradural spinal cord compression: an evidence-based guideline,” Journal of Clinical Oncology, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 1613–1624, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. R. A. Patchell, P. A. Tibbs, W. F. Regine et al., “Direct decompressive surgical resection in the treatment of spinal cord compression caused by metastatic cancer: a randomised trial,” The Lancet, vol. 366, no. 9486, pp. 643–648, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  8. K. C. Thomas, B. Nosyk, C. G. Fisher et al., “Cost-effectiveness of surgery plus radiotherapy versus radiotherapy alone for metastatic epidural spinal cord compression,” International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics, vol. 66, no. 4, pp. 1212–1218, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  9. D. Rades, V. Rudat, T. Veninga et al., “A score predicting posttreatment ambulatory status in patients irradiated for metastatic spinal cord compression,” International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics, vol. 72, no. 3, pp. 905–908, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  10. D. Rades, S. Douglas, T. Veninga et al., “Validation of scoring systems predicting survival and post-RT ambulatory status of patients irradiated for Metastatic Spinal Cord Compression (MSCC),” International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics, vol. 75, no. 3, supplement 1, pp. S501–S502, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  11. E. Maranzano, F. Trippa, M. Casale et al., “8 Gy single-dose radiotherapy is effective in metastatic spinal cord compression: results of a phase III randomized multicentre Italian trial,” Radiotherapy and Oncology, vol. 93, no. 2, pp. 174–179, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  12. D. Rades, M. Lange, T. Veninga et al., “Preliminary results of spinal cord compression recurrence evaluation (score-1) study comparing short-course versus long-course radiotherapy for local control of malignant epidural spinal cord compression,” International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics, vol. 73, no. 1, pp. 228–234, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  13. E. Maranzano, R. Bellavita, R. Rossi et al., “Short-course wersus split-course radiotherapy in metastatic spinal cord compression: results of a phase III, randomized, multicenter trial,” Journal of Clinical Oncology, vol. 23, no. 15, pp. 3358–3365, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  14. A. Sahgal, D. A. Larson, and E. L. Chang, “Stereotactic body radiosurgery for spinal metastases: a critical review,” International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics, vol. 71, no. 3, pp. 652–665, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  15. Y. Yamada, M. H. Bilsky, D. M. Lovelock et al., “High-dose, single-fraction image-guided intensity-modulated radiotherapy for metastatic spinal lesions,” International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics, vol. 71, no. 2, pp. 484–490, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  16. L. Potters, B. Kavanagh, J. M. Galvin et al., “American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology (ASTRO) and American College of Radiology (ACR) practice guideline for the performance of stereotactic body radiation therapy,” International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics, vol. 76, no. 2, pp. 326–332, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  17. R. Venkitaraman, S. A. Sohaib, Y. Barbachano et al., “Detection of occult spinal cord compression with magnetic resonance imaging of the spine,” Clinical Oncology, vol. 19, no. 7, pp. 528–531, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  18. R. Venkitaraman, S. A. Sohaib, Y. Barbachano et al., “Frequency of screening magnetic resonance imaging to detect occult spinal cord compromise and to prevent neurological deficit in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer,” Clinical Oncology, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 147–152, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  19. L. Jost and F. Roila, “Management of cancer pain: ESMO clinical practice guidelines,” Annals of Oncology, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. v257–v260, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  20. W. M. Sze, “Palliation of metastatic bone pain: single fraction versus multifraction radiotherapy,” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, no. 4, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  21. J. R. Yarnold, “8 Gy single fraction radiotherapy for the treatment of metastatic skeletal pain: randomised comparison with a multifraction schedule over 12 months of patient follow-upOn behalf of the bone pain trial working party,” Radiotherapy and Oncology, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 111–121, 1999. View at Google Scholar