Table of Contents
ISRN Veterinary Science
Volume 2011, Article ID 723091, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/723091
Research Article

Characteristics and Health of Turkey Husbandry in Ouaké, North-Benin

1Faculté d'Agronomie, Université de Parakou, BP 123 Parakou, Benin
2Laboratoire de Diagnostic Vétérinaire et de Sérosurveillance, BP 23 Parakou, Benin
3Animal Sciences Group, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 338 6700AH, The Netherlands

Received 19 September 2010; Accepted 21 October 2010

Academic Editor: R. Thanawongnuwech

Copyright © 2011 E. Y. Attakpa et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Sanitary constraints of raising turkey in north-west Benin were studied by using a survey and Haemagglutination Inhibition Test (HIT) to detect antibodies of Newcastle Disease (ND) and Avian Influenza (AI). We tested 85 serums from 7- to 24-month-old turkeys raised in 19 farms. ND prevalence rate was 54% but reactions on four sub-types of AI were negative. Mortality rates varied from 55 to 100% for 0–30 day-old flocks; 30% for 1- to 4-month-old; and 15% for older turkeys. Next to ND, probable causes of mortality are Fowl pox, Gumboro disease, scabies, coccidiosis, histomonosis, capillariosis and colibacillosis. Only one farmer who fed and vaccinated the poults, and provided clean housing for them got a lower mortality rate of 11% in turkeys less than 4-month-old. The question remains why most farmers do not apply these simple practices: are they unaware or are the technologies not profitable?