Table of Contents
ISRN Organic Chemistry
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 759817, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/759817
Research Article

Catalytic Reduction of Noble Metal Salts by Sodium Hypophosphite Promoted by the Film Poly-(p-Allyl Ether Benzenesulfonic Acid)

Departamento de Química, FFCLRP-USP, Avenida dos Bandeirantes 3400, 14040-901 Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil

Received 24 January 2011; Accepted 6 March 2011

Academic Editor: F.-Y. Kwong

Copyright © 2011 M. I. C. F. Costa et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Glassy carbon electrodes were coated with the film poly-(p-allyl ether benzenesulfonic acid) by an anodic procedure. Nickel, platinum, and palladium ions were introduced into the film by ion exchange of H+ with the corresponding salts. These ions were catalytically reduced to their corresponding metals using the known electroless reducing agent sodium hypophosphite. Scanning electron microcopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy were carried out to demonstrate the occurrence of the catalytic process. To compare this method with another one carried out in our laboratory, the electrocatalytic reduction of H+ was studied using the same modified electrodes. A suggested mechanism for the catalysis is proposed.