`ISRN Mechanical EngineeringVolume 2011, Article ID 809498, 13 pageshttp://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/809498`
Research Article

## Large Eddy Simulation of Laminar and Turbulent Flow on Collocated and Staggered Grids

1Faculty of Marine Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, 424 Hafez Avenue, Tehran, P.O. Box 15875-4413, Iran
2Department of Civil Engineering, Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran

Received 28 March 2011; Accepted 11 May 2011

Academic Editors: S. W. Chang, A. A. Kendoush, A. Postelnicu, and S. C. M. Yu

Copyright © 2011 M. J. Ketabdari and H. Saghi. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

#### Abstract

Momentum and Continuity are the basic equations for fluid flow modeling. The momentum equations in their final form are known as Navier-Stokes equations and can be solved using different numerical methods. There are several approaches such as SIMPLE, PISO, and Fractional Step for solving these equations. In solution procedure, it needs to decide where to store the velocity components. Staggered and Collocated grids can be used to evaluate this problem. On Staggered grids, the velocity components are stored at the cell face, and the scalar variables such as pressure are stored at the central nodes. However, on Collocated grids, all parameters are defined at the same location at the central nodes. The Staggered grids method gives more accurate pressure gradient estimation. However, Collocated grids method is simpler for solving the equations. In this paper, for solving Navier-Stokes equations, Collocated and Staggered grids are employed. Comparison of horizontal and vertical velocities and stream lines at various Reynolds numbers was performed. The results were validated using standard tests such as lid-driven cavity, channel and backward facing step. Discussion is made on accuracy of these methods to estimate horizontal and vertical velocity profiles.