Table of Contents
ISRN Surgery
Volume 2011, Article ID 824251, 10 pages
Review Article

Oromandibular Reconstruction: The History, Operative Options and Strategies, and Our Experience

1Section of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Kaohsiung 83301, Taiwan
2Department of Preventive and Restorative Sciences, School of Dentistry, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
3Department of Plastic Surgery, E-Da Hospital, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung 82445, Taiwan

Received 4 August 2011; Accepted 18 September 2011

Academic Editors: K.-E. Kahnberg, D. Laub, and L. A. Skoglund

Copyright © 2011 Pao-Yuan Lin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Oromandibular reconstruction resulting from resection of benign tumor, malignant cancer, osteomyelitic or osteoradionecrotic mandible remains a challenge for plastic surgeons today. At present, fibula osteocutaneous flap is the perhaps most commonly used technique for oromandibular reconstruction because of its potential for contouring, immediate dental implant placement, and favorable donor site morbidity. In this study, we review the history of oromandibular reconstruction, summarize the characteristics of different osteocutaneous flaps, offer surgical options of different osteocutaneous flaps, and provide reconstructive strategies for different locations of mandibular defects. Furthermore, we give a detailed description of various modifications in oromandibular reconstruction: (1) the myoosseous flap for lateral segmental defect repair may reduce donor site complication; (2) to improve the function of oral commissure in patients with obscure recipient vessels, we modify the fibula osteocutaneous flap with anterolateral thigh flap and combine the tensor fascia lata using one set of recipient vessel for composite oromandibular reconstruction; (3) to decrease the likelihood of neck infection and improve aesthetic result, we add the segmental soleus muscle to the fibula osteocutaneous flap to obliterate and augment submandibular dead space. Lastly, dental rehabilitation considerations associated with mandibular reconstruction have been given to help assist in surgical treatment planning.