Research Article

Modification of a Volume-Overload Heart Failure Model to Track Myocardial Remodeling and Device-Related Reverse Remodeling

Figure 3

Identification of markers in heart failure and recovery. The results are expressed as the mean and standard error for each time point: before induction of heart failure (a), after induction of heart failure (b), and after 11 weeks of LVAD support (c). ANP: atrial natriuretic protein; BAR: β-adrenergic receptors; ET-1: endothelin-1; DYS: dystrophin; FPD: fluorescence pixel density.