Table of Contents
ISRN Oncology
Volume 2011, Article ID 875684, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/875684
Research Article

Downregulation of the Adenosine A2b Receptor by RNA Interference Inhibits Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cell Growth

Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Lanzhou General Hospital, Lanzhou Military Area Command of Chinese People’s Liberation Army, 98 XiaoXiHu Road, Lanzhou 730050, China

Received 25 January 2011; Accepted 8 March 2011

Academic Editors: W. Habano and M. O. Hoque

Copyright © 2011 Hong-Jun Xiang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

To investigate the biological effect of adenosine A2b receptor (A2bR) on the human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line HepG2, three A2bR siRNA constructs were transiently transfected into HepG2 cells. The results showed that A2bR siRNA reduced the levels of A2bR mRNA and protein. In order to further detect the function of A2bR, we established a stable hepatocellular carcinoma cell line (HepG2) expressing siRNA targeting the adenosine A2b receptor. Targeted RNAi significantly inhibited tumor cell growth in vitro, and flow cytometry (FCM) showed that significantly more cells expressing A2bR siRNA were in the G0/G1 phase compared to the untransfected group (( 8 9 . 5 6 % ± 3 . 1 5 % ) versus ( 5 6 . 1 9 % ± 1 . 5 8 % ), 𝑃 < 0 . 0 1 ). These results indicated that silencing the expression of adenosine A2b receptor in HepG2 cells can suppress cell growth effectively by blocking the cell cycle. Downregulation of adenosine A2b receptor gene expression with RNA interference could be a new approach to hepatocellular carcinoma therapy.