International Scholarly Research Notices / 2011 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Development of the Nurses' Observation Scale for Cognitive Abilities (NOSCA)

Table 3

The construct of cognitive functioning organised into domains as judged by experts ( 𝑛 = 1 6 ).

Proposed domains1st Delphi round2nd Delphi roundInclusion
Accepted* (%)Proposed subdomainAccepted (%)Formula-tion OK (%)Proposed domains/subdo-mains + rephrasingAccepted (%)Formula-tion OK (%)Accepted

Consciousness (b110)82Quality of consciousn. (b1102)6331Deletedno
State of conscious. (b1100)8170yes*
Continuity of conscious. (b1101)8146yes*

Attention (b140)82Sustaining attention (b1400)9467yes
Shifting of attention (b1401)8879yes
Dividing attention (b1402)757556no

Perception (b156)88(b1561)8879yes
(b1560)5678no
(b1565)4458no

Orientation (b114)100Orientation to time (b1140)10094yes
Orientation to place (b1141)100100yes
Orientation to person (b1142)10094yes

Memory (b144)100Short-term memory (b1440)8857Working memoryyes
Long-term memory (b1441)9473yes
Retrieval of old information (b1442.0)6280no
Storage and retrieval of new information (b1442.1)5689no

Thoughts (b160)94Pace of thought (b1600)8285yes
Form of thought (b1601)7592yes
Control of thought (b1603)44100Deletedno
Content of thoughts (b1602)8864yes

Higher level of cognitive function (b164)82Cognitive flexibility (b1643)6370Deletedno
Organisation and planning (b1641)94100yes
Insight (1644)7571yes
Judgment (b1645)8271DeletedNo
Self-regulation (b1648)7592yes

Language (b167)100Reception of language (b1670)8867yes
Expression of language (b1671)9475yes

Mental function of sequencing complex movement (b176)8845label rephrased: Praxis8870yes

*Consciousness is perceived as a prerequisite for cognitive functioning and therefore should have another position in the observation scale.

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