Table of Contents
ISRN Ecology
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 915239, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/915239
Research Article

Life History Tactics in Cohorts of a Partial Migratory Brown Trout (Salmo trutta L.) Population

1Department of Biology, Karlstad University, 651 88 Karlstad, Sweden
2Department of Environmental Affairs, Aquatic Ecology, County Administrative Board of Scania, 205 15 Malmö, Sweden

Received 22 June 2011; Accepted 11 August 2011

Academic Editor: D. Pimentel

Copyright © 2011 Ivan C. Olsson and Larry A. Greenberg. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. T. G. Northcote, “Juvenile current response, growth and maturity of above and below waterfall stocks of rainbow trout, Salmo gairdneri,” Journal of Fish Biology, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 741–751, 1981. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. A. P. Hendry and S. C. Stearns, Evolution Illuminated: Salmon and Their Relatives, Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA, 2004.
  3. T. Bohlin, J. Pettersson, and E. Degerman, “Population density of migratory and resident brown trout (Salmo trutta) in relation to altitude: evidence for a migration cost,” Journal of Animal Ecology, vol. 70, no. 1, pp. 112–121, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. Klemetsen, P. A. Amundsen, J. B. Dempson et al., “Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L., brown trout Salmo trutta L. and Arctic charr Salvelinus alpinus (L.): a review of aspects of their life histories,” Ecology of Freshwater Fish, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 1–59, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. B. Jonsson, “Life history patterns of freshwater resident and sea-run migrant brown trout in Norway,” Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, vol. 114, pp. 182–194, 1985. View at Google Scholar
  6. C. Dellefors and U. Faremo, “Early sexual maturation in males of wild sea trout, Salmo trutta L., inhibits smoltification,” Journal of Fish Biology, vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 741–749, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. M. Elliot, Quantitative Ecology and the Brown Trout, Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA, 1994.
  8. T. G. Northcote, “Migration and residency in stream salmonids—some ecological considerations and evolutionary consequences,” Nordic Journal of Freshwater Research, vol. 67, pp. 5–17, 1992. View at Google Scholar
  9. B. Jonsson and O. T. Sandlund, “Environmental factors and life histories of isolated river stocks of brown trout (Salmo trutta m. fario) in Søre Osa river system, Norway,” Environmental Biology of Fishes, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 43–54, 1979. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. L. Baglinière, G. Maisse, P. Y. Lebail, and A. Nihouarn, “Population dynamics of brown trout, Salmo trutta L., in a tributary in Brittany (France): spawning and juveniles,” Journal of Fish Biology, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 97–110, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. K. Morita and Y. Takashima, “Effect of female size on fecundity and egg size in white-spotted charr: comparison between sea-run and resident forms,” Journal of Fish Biology, vol. 53, no. 5, pp. 1140–1142, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. E. P. Van Den Berghe and M. R. Cross, “Natural selection resulting from female breeding competition in a Pacific salmon (coho: Oncorhynchus kisutch),” Evolution, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 125–140, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. L. B. Holtby and M. C. Healey, “Sex-specific life history tactics and risk-taking in coho salmon,” Ecology, vol. 71, no. 2, pp. 678–690, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J. E. Thorpe, “An alternative view of smolting in salmonids,” Aquaculture, vol. 121, no. 1-3, pp. 105–113, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. E. Thorpe, M. Mangel, N. B. Metcalfe, and F. A. Huntingford, “Modelling the proximate basis of salmonid life-history variation, with application to Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L,” Evolutionary Ecology, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 581–599, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. D. K. Rowe, J. E. Thorpe, and A. M. Shanks, “Role of fat stores in the maturation of male Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) parr,” Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 405–413, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. I. Berglund, “Growth and early sexual-maturation in baltic salmon (Salmo salar) parr,” Canadian Journal of Zoology, vol. 70, pp. 205–211, 1992. View at Google Scholar
  18. T. Bohlin, C. Dellefors, and U. Faremo, “Probability of first sexual maturation of male parr in wild sea-run brown trout (Salmo trutta) depends on condition factor 1 yr in advance,” Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, vol. 51, no. 9, pp. 1920–1926, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. K. Hindar, B. Jonsson, N. Ryman, and G. Stahl, “Genetic relationships among landlocked, resident, and anadromous brown trout, Salmo trutta L.,” Heredity, vol. 66, pp. 83–91, 1991. View at Google Scholar
  20. B. Jonsson and N. Jonsson, “Partial migration: niche shift versus sexual maturation in fishes,” Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 348–365, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. K. Morita, S. Yamamoto, and N. Hoshino, “Extreme life history change of white-spotted char (Salvelinus ieucomaenis) after damming,” Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, vol. 57, no. 6, pp. 1300–1306, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. I. C. Olsson, L. A. Greenberg, E. Bergman, and K. Wysujack, “Environmentally induced migration: the importance of food,” Ecology Letters, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 645–651, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. J. Cucherousset, D. Ombredane, K. Charles, F. Marchand, and J. L. Baglinière, “A continuum of life history tactics in a brown trout (Salmo trutta) population,” Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, vol. 62, no. 7, pp. 1600–1610, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. G. B. Zydlewski, J. Zydlewski, and J. Johnson, “Patterns of migration and residency in coastal cutthroat trout Oncorhynchus clarkii clarkii from two tributaries of the lower Columbia River,” Journal of Fish Biology, vol. 75, no. 1, pp. 203–222, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. N. B. Metcalfe, F. A. Huntingford, and J. E. Thorpe, “Feeding intensity, growth rates, and the establishment of life- history patterns in juvenile Atlantic salmon Salmo salar,” Journal of Animal Ecology, vol. 57, no. 2, pp. 463–474, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. D. Álvarez and A. G. Nicieza, “Is metabolic rate a reliable predictor of growth and survival of brown trout (Salmo trutta) in the wild?” Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, vol. 62, no. 3, pp. 643–649, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. H. Nordeng, “Solution to the “char problem” based on Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus) in Norway,” Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, vol. 40, no. 9, pp. 1372–1387, 1983. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. I. C. Olsson and L. A. Greenberg, “Partial migration in a landlocked brown trout population,” Journal of Fish Biology, vol. 65, no. 1, pp. 106–121, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. C. Zippin, “The removal method for population estimation,” Journal of Wildlife Management, vol. 22, pp. 82–90, 1958. View at Google Scholar
  30. T. Bohlin, S. Hamrin, T. G. Heggberget, G. Rasmussen, and S. J. Saltveit, “Electrofishing—theory and practice with special emphasis on salmonids,” Hydrobiologia, vol. 173, no. 1, pp. 9–43, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. I. Mayer, H. Lundqvist, B. Berglund, M. Schmitz, R. Schultz, and B. Borg, “Seasonal endocrine changes in Baltic salmon, Salmo salar, immature parr and mature male parr. I. Plasma levels of five androgens, 17-hydroxy-20-dihydroprogesterone and of 17-estradiol,” vol. 68, pp. 1360–1365, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  32. B. H. Letcher and G. Gries, “Effects of life history variation on size and growth in stream-dwelling Atlantic salmon,” Journal of Fish Biology, vol. 62, no. 1, pp. 97–114, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. L. Österdahl, “The smolt run of a small Swedish river,” in Salmon and Trout in Streams, T. G. Northcote, Ed., pp. 205–215, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canda, 1969. View at Google Scholar
  34. N. B. Metcalfe, F. A. Huntingford, and J. E. Thorpe, “Seasonal changes in feeding motivation of juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar),” Canadian Journal of Zoology, vol. 64, pp. 2439–2446, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  35. T. Forseth, T. F. Næsje, B. Jonsson, and K. Hårsaker, “Juvenile migration in brown trout: a consequence of energetic state,” Journal of Animal Ecology, vol. 68, no. 4, pp. 783–793, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. G. R. Morinville and J. B. Rasmussen, “Early juvenile bioenergetic differences between anadromous and resident brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis),” Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, vol. 60, no. 4, pp. 401–410, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. V. Thériault and J. J. Dodson, “Body size and the adoption of a migratory tactic in brook charr,” Journal of Fish Biology, vol. 63, no. 5, pp. 1144–1159, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. L. Lans, L. Greenberg, J. Karlsson, O. Calles, M. Schmitz, and E. Bergman, “The effects of ration size on hatchery-raised Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and brown trout (Salmo trutta),” Ecology of Freshwater, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 548–557, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  39. F. Økland, B. Jonsson, A. J. Jensen, and L. P. Hansen, “Is there a threshold size regulating seaward migration of brown trout and Atlantic salmon?” Journal of Fish Biology, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 541–550, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. K. Wysujack, L. A. Greenberg, E. Bergman, and I. C. Olsson, “The role of the environment in partial migration: food availability affects the adoption of a migratory tactic in brown trout Salmo trutta,” Ecology of Freshwater Fish, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 52–59, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus