Table of Contents
ISRN Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume 2011, Article ID 925316, 5 pages
Research Article

Incidence, Management, and Outcome of Molar Pregnancies at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Quetta, Pakistan

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Bolan Medical College, 8-13/36 Kasi Road, Quetta, Balochistan 87300, Pakistan

Received 25 June 2011; Accepted 15 August 2011

Academic Editors: G. Dohr and M. Kühnert

Copyright © 2011 Mahrukh Fatima et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. P. C. Lorigan, S. Sharma, N. Bright, R. E. Coleman, and B. W. Hancock, “Characteristics of women with recurrent molar pregnancies,” Gynecologic Oncology, vol. 78, no. 3, part 1, pp. 288–292, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  2. M. Khaskheli, I. A. Khushk, S. Baloch, and H. Shah, “Gestational trophoblastic disease: experience at a tertiary care hospital of sindh,” Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 81–83, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  3. R. S. Berkowitz and D. P. Goldstein, “Chorionic tumors,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 335, no. 23, pp. 1740–1798, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. V. Soto-Wright, M. Bernstein, D. P. Goldstein, and R. S. Berkowitz, “The changing clinical presentation of complete molar pregnancy,” Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 86, no. 5, pp. 775–779, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. E. I. Kohorn, “Molar pregnancy: presentation and diagnosis,” Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 181–191, 1984. View at Google Scholar
  6. F. J. Montz, J. B. Schlaerth, and C. P. Morrow, “The natural history of theca lutein cysts,” Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 72, no. 2, pp. 247–251, 1988. View at Google Scholar
  7. R. Santos-Ramos, J. P. Forney, and B. E. Schwarz, “Sonographic findings and clinical correlations in molar pregnancy,” Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 56, no. 2, pp. 186–192, 1980. View at Google Scholar
  8. G. Mangili, E. Garavaglia, P. Cavoretto, C. Gentile, G. Scarfone, and E. Rabaiotti, “Clinical presentation of hydatidiform mole in northern Italy: has it changed in the last 20 years?” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 198, no. 3, pp. 302.e1–302.e4, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  9. C. Mungan , E. Kuşçu, P. Cavoretto et al., “Hydatidiform mole: clinical analysis of 310 patients,” International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 233–236, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  10. D. P. Goldstein and R. S. Berkowitz, “Presentation and Management of Molar Pregnancy,” Chapter 9,
  11. J. L. Hou, X. R. Wan, Y. Xiang, Q. W. Qi, and X. Y. Yang, “Changes of clinical features in hydatidiform mole: analysis of 113 cases,” Journal of Reproductive Medicine for the Obstetrician and Gynecologist, vol. 53, no. 8, pp. 629–633, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  12. D. P. Goldstein and R. S. Berkowitz, “Prophylactic chemotherapy of complete molar pregnancy,” Seminars in Oncology, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 157–160, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  13. J. F. Holland, M. M. Hreschchyshyn, and O. Glidewell, “Controlled clinical trials of methotrexate in treatment and prophylaxis of trophoblastic neoplasia,” in Proceedings of the Tenth International Cancer Congress, R. L. Clark, R. W. Curnley, J. E. McKay, and M. M. Copeland, Eds., pp. 461–462, Medical Arts Publishing, Houston, Tex, USA, 1970.
  14. D. S. Kim, H. Moon, K. T. Kim, Y. J. Moon, and Y. Y. Hwang, “Effects of prophylactic chemotherapy for persistent trophoblastic disease in patients with complete hydatidiform mole,” Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 67, no. 5, pp. 690–694, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  15. R. S. Berkowitz and D. P. Goldstein, Gestational Trophoblastic Disease.Section 31; Neoplasms of the female reproductive organs, Chapter 116,
  16. N. J. Talati, “The pattern of benign gestational trophoblastic disease in Karachi,” Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association, vol. 48, no. 10, pp. 296–300, 1998. View at Google Scholar