Table of Contents
ISRN Cardiology
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 958189, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/958189
Review Article

Recent Clinical and Experimental Advances in Atrial Fibrillation

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-2 Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan

Received 28 March 2011; Accepted 13 May 2011

Academic Editors: C. Hassager, D. Leung, and A. D. Szekely

Copyright © 2011 Shigeru Miyagawa et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia in clinical settings (Fuster et al., 2001), and it is often associated with congestive heart diseases (Issac et al., 2007). Many studies in both laboratory and clinical settings have sought to analyze the mechanisms of AF, develop treatments based on these mechanisms, and examine atrial remodeling in chronic AF. The aim of this paper is to analyze recent findings regarding the atrial remodeling that occurs in AF. In particular, we will describe the electrical and structural changes that involve atrial myocytes and the extracellular matrix. We will also describe the general classification and basic pathophysiology of AF and its surgical treatments.