Table of Contents
ISRN Education
Volume 2012, Article ID 109647, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/109647
Research Article

Logics of Educational Stratification: A Cross-National Map of Educational Inequality

1Department of Politics and Public Administration, University of Konstanz, P.O. Box D 79, Universitaetsstraße 10, 78464 Konstanz, Germany
2Department of Politics and Public Administration, University of Konstanz, P.O. Box D 84, Universitaetsstraße 10, 78464 Konstanz, Germany

Received 21 December 2011; Accepted 27 February 2012

Academic Editor: M. Brynin

Copyright © 2012 Raphaela Schlicht-Schmälzle and Kathrin Ackermann. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. D. B. Grusky and R. M. Hauser, “Comparative social-mobility revisited—models of convergence and divergence in 16 countries,” American Sociological Review, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 19–38, 1984. View at Google Scholar
  2. J. Handl, “Mehr Chancengleichheit im Bildungssyste,” Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 698–722, 1985. View at Google Scholar
  3. S. M. Lipset, “Some social requisites of democracy—economic-development and political legitimacy,” American Political Science Review, vol. 53, no. 1, pp. 69–105, 1959. View at Google Scholar
  4. W. Müller and R. Pollak, “Social mobility in West Germany: the long arms of history discovered?” in Social Mobility in Europe, R. Breen, Ed., pp. 77–113, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  5. A. C. Kerckhoff, R. T. Campbell, and I. Winfield-Laird, “Social mobility in great Britain and the United States,” The American Journal of Sociology, vol. 91, no. 2, pp. 281–308, 1985. View at Google Scholar
  6. G. Eyal, I. Szelényi, and E. Townsley, Making Capitalism without Capitalists. The New Ruling Elites in Eastern Europe, Verso, London, UK, 1998.
  7. D. Acemoglu, S. Johnson, J. A. Robinson, and P. Yared, “From education to democracy?” American Economic Review, vol. 95, no. 2, pp. 44–49, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. S. Coleman, Equality of Educational Opportunity, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, USA, 1966.
  9. G. A. Almond and S. Verba, The Civic Culture. Political Attitudes and Democracy in Five Nations, Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, USA, 1965.
  10. H. Solga, “Meritokratie—die moderne Legitimation ungleicher Bildungschancen,” in Institutionalisierte Ungleichheiten? Stabilität und Wandel von Bildungschancen, P. A. Berger and H. Kahlert, Eds., pp. 19–38, Juventa, Weinheim und München, Germany, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  11. M. Carnoy and H. M. Levin, Schooling and Work in the Democratic State, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif, USA, 1985.
  12. W. H. Sewell, “Inequality of opportunity for higher education,” American Sociological Review, vol. 36, no. 5, pp. 793–809, 1971. View at Google Scholar
  13. S. van Zandt Winn, “Social class and income returns to eductaion in Sweden: a research note,” Social Forces, vol. 62, no. 4, pp. 1026–1034, 1984. View at Google Scholar
  14. J. Allmendinger and S. Leibfried, “Education and the welfare state: the four worlds of competence production,” Journal of European Social Policy, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 63–81, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  15. I. Fägerlind and L. J. Saha, Education and National Development, Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford, UK, 1989.
  16. P. W. Kingston, “The unfulfilled promise of cultural capital theory,” Sociology of Education, vol. 74, pp. 88–99, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  17. H.-P. Blossfeld and Y. Shavit, “Permanent inequalites—changes in the impact of social background on educational-opportunity in 13 industrial-nations,” Zeitschrift für Pädagogik, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 25–52, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  18. J. Allmendinger, C. Ebner, and M. Schludi, “Die bildungspolitische Funktion der Arbeitsverwaltung im Spannungsfeld von betriebswirtschaftlicher Logik und gesamtgesellschaftlicher Verantwortung,” in Evidenzbasierte Bildungspolitik: Beiträge der Bildungsökonomie, M. Weiß, Ed., pp. 173–191, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, Germany, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  19. J. Allmendinger, “Verschenkte Chancen. Handlungsspielräume für die Bildungspolitik,” Internationale Politik, vol. 59, no. 5, pp. 58–66, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. R. Becker, “Klassenlage und Bildungsentscheidungen,” Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie, vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 450–475, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. R. Becker and W. Lauterbach, “Die immerwährende Frage der Bildungsungleichheit im neuen Gewand,” in Bildung als Privileg? Erklärungen und Befunde zu den Ursachen von Bildungsungleichheit, R. Becker and W. Lauterbach, Eds., pp. 429–445, VS für Sozialwissenschaften, Wiesbaden, Germany, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  22. J. Dronkers, “Educational reform in the Netherlands—did it change the impact of parental occupation and education?” Sociology of Education, vol. 66, no. 4, pp. 262–277, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  23. E. A. Hanushek and J. A. Luque, “Efficiency and equity in schools around the world,” Economics of Education Review, vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 481–502, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. H. Mehan, “Understanding inequality in schools. The contribution of interpretative studies,” Sociology of Education, vol. 65, pp. 1–20, 1992. View at Google Scholar
  25. W. Müller, “Ungleichheitsstrukturen im vereinten Deutschland,” in Soziale Ungleichheit. Neue Befunde zu Strukturen, Bewußtsein und Politik, W. Müller, Ed., pp. 13–42, Leske and Budrich, Opladen, Germany, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  26. W. Müller, “Zwischenbilanz der Förderinitiative ‘Forschergruppen in der Empirischen Bildungsforschung’,” in Impulse für die Bildungsforschung. Stand und Perspektiven, H. Mandl and B. Kopp, Eds., pp. 45–53, Akademie, Berlin, Germany, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  27. A. Ammermüller, “Educational opportunities and the role of institutions,” 2005, http://edocs.ub.unimaas.nl/loader/file.asp?id=1071.
  28. C. Barone, “Cultural capital, ambition and the explanation of inequalities in learning outcomes: a comparative analysis,” Sociology, vol. 40, no. 6, pp. 1039–1058, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. F. T. Pfeffer, “Persistent inequality in educational attainment and its institutional context,” European Sociological Review, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 543–565, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. G. Schütz, H. W. Ursprung, and L. Woessmann, “Education policy and equality of opportunity,” Kyklos, vol. 61, no. 2, pp. 279–308, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. R. Schlicht, I. Stadelmann-Steffen, and M. Freitag, “Educational inequality in the EU: the effectiveness of the national education policy,” European Union Politics, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 29–59, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. W. Müller and D. Haun, “Bildungsungleichheit im sozialen Wandel,” Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie, vol. 46, pp. 1–43, 1994. View at Google Scholar
  33. P. Bourdieu, “Ökonomisches Kapital, kulturelles Kapital, soziales Kapital,” in Soziale Ungleichheiten, R. Kreckel, Ed., pp. 183–198, Otto Schwartz & Company, Göttingen, Germany, 1983. View at Google Scholar
  34. W. H. Sewell and V. P. Shah, “Socioeconomic status, intelligence, and attainment of higher education,” Sociology of Education, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 1–23, 1967. View at Google Scholar
  35. P. DiMaggio, “Cultural capital and school success. The impact of status culture participation on the grades of U.S. high school students,” American Sociological Review, vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 189–201, 1982. View at Google Scholar
  36. V. J. Roscigno and J. W. Ainsworth-Darnell, “Race, cultural capital, and educational resources: persistent inequalities and achievement returns,” Sociology of Education, vol. 72, no. 3, pp. 158–178, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. J. S. Coleman, “Social capital in the creation of human capital,” American Journal of Sociology, vol. 94, pp. 95–120, 1988. View at Google Scholar
  38. T. Ehmke and T. Siegle, “ISEI, ISCED, HOMEPOS, ESCS. Indikatoren der sozialen Herkunft bei der Quantifizierung von sozialen Disparitäten,” Zeitschrift für Erziehungswissenschaft, vol. 8, pp. 521–540, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  39. S. Davies and N. Guppy, “Fields of study, college selectivity, and student inequalities in higher education,” Social Forces, vol. 75, no. 4, pp. 1417–1438, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. M. Egerton, “Occupational inheritance: the role of cultural capital and gender,” Work, Employment and Society, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 263–282, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. M. N. Hansen, “Social and economic inequality in the educational career: do the effects of social background characteristics decline?” European Sociological Review, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 305–321, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. R. M. Hauser, “Progress in schooling,” in Social Inequality, K. M. Neckerman, Ed., pp. 271–318, Russell Sage Foundation, New York, NY, USA, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  43. R. V. Robinson and M. A. Garnier, “Class reproduction among men and women in France: reproduction theory on its home ground,” The American Journal of Sociology, vol. 91, no. 2, pp. 250–280, 1985. View at Google Scholar
  44. R. W. Rumberger, “The influence of family background on education, earnings, and wealth,” Social Forces, vol. 61, no. 3, pp. 755–773, 1983. View at Google Scholar
  45. M. Savage and M. Egerton, “Social mobility, individual ability and the inheritance of class inequality,” Sociology, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 645–672, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. V. Stocké, “Explaining educational decision and effects of families' social class position: an empirical test of the breen-foldthorpe model of educational attainment,” European Sociological Review, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 505–519, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. A. Sullivan, “Cultural capital and educational attainment,” Sociology, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 893–912, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. N. D. de Graaf, P. M. de Graaf, and G. Kraaykamp, “Parental cultural capital and educational attainment in the Netherlands: a refinement of the cultural capital perspective,” Sociology of Education, vol. 73, no. 2, pp. 92–111, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. I. Kogan, “New immigrants—old disadvantage patterns? Labour market integration of recent immigrants into Germany,” International Migration, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 91–117, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. R. D. Alba, J. Handl, and W. Müller, “Ethnische Ungleichheit im deutschen Bildungssystem,” Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 209–237, 1994. View at Google Scholar
  51. J. Tolsma, M. Coenders, and M. Lubbers, “Trends in ethnic educational inequalities in the Netherlands: a cohort design,” European Sociological Review, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 325–339, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. R. Schlicht-Schmälzle and S. Möller, “Macro-political determinants of educational inequality between migrants and natives in the Western EU,” Forthcoming in West European Politics, 2011.
  53. J. S. Coleman, Equality and Achievement in Education, Westview Press, Boulder, Colo, USA, 1990.
  54. T. L. Parcel and M. J. Dufur, “Capital at home and at school: effects on student achievement,” Social Forces, vol. 79, no. 3, pp. 881–911, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. J. D. Teachman, K. Paasch, and K. Carver, “Social capital and dropping out of school early,” Journal of Marriage and Family, vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 773–783, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. C. L. Bankston and M. Zhou, “Social capital and immigrant children's achievement,” in Schooling and Social Capital in Diverse Cultures, B. H. Fuller and E. Hannum, Eds., pp. 13–39, Elsevier, Boston, Mass, USA, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  57. T. Faist, “Migration und der Transfer sozialen Kapitals oder: Warum gibt es relativ wenige internationale Migranten?” in Transnationale Migration, L. Pries, Ed., pp. 63–84, Nomos, Baden-Baden, Germany, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  58. G. Kao and L. T. Rutherford, “Does social capital still matter? Immigrant minority disadvantage in school-specific social capital and its effects on academic achievement,” Sociological Perspectives, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 27–52, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  59. E. Reyneri and G. Fullin, “Labour market penalties of new immigrants in new and old receiving West European countries,” International Migration, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 31–57, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  60. V. Nee, “A theory of market transition: from redistribution to markets in state socialism,” American Sociological Review, vol. 54, no. 5, pp. 663–681, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  61. R. J. Franzese, “Empirical strategies for various manifestations of multilevel data,” Political Analysis, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 430–446, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  62. J. A. Jacobs, “Gender inequality and higher education,” Annual Review of Sociology, vol. 22, pp. 153–185, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  63. M. Levels, J. Dronkers, and G. Kraaykamp, “Immigrant children's educational achievement in western countries: origin, destination, and community effects on mathematical performance,” American Sociological Review, vol. 73, no. 5, pp. 835–853, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  64. Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Classifying Educational Programmes. Manual ISCED-97 Implementation in OECD Countries, Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris, France, 1999.