International Scholarly Research Notices / 2012 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Amount of Plant Foods Eaten and Sexual Differences in Feeding among Wild Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) of Kanyawara Community

Table 2

Plant species and their contribution to total food intake when available and eaten.

Plant species% in dietMean feeding time (minutes)Mean feeding rateMean food weight per boutParts eaten
per bout(g/min)(grams)

Ficus brachypoda826.55223.4F
Ficus dawei33.6435.21136.3F
Secamone africana4311131.8F
Cordia millenii25.745.82.51031.3F
Urera33.720.111.8915.6F
Ficus vallis-choudae13.916.61.1812.5F
Celtis africana23.92014.5726.5L, B
Ficus brachylepis35.932.82.6720F
Ficus cyathistipula18.118.13.4617.8F
Ficus natalensis41.540.113.4616.3F
Ficus ottonofolia2326.316.1609.1F
Cyperus papyrus5710.1575.7P
Ficus capensis3437.64.9573.8F
Phytolacca dodecandra15.63.8561.9F
Cordia abysinica8.219.715.4347.4F
Lepistemon welwietschei2.516.516.2337.6L
Ficus exasperatae19.426.18.8290.8F, L
Ficus stipulifera74.3289.6F
Mimusops bagshawei17.526.75.9237.9F
Triumfetta tomentose7.112.721.8237.3L
Urtica massaica8.79.86.3236.6F, L
Acanthus pubescens8.47.830.6224P
Linociera johnsonii47.1210.6F
Aframomum sp.3.510.112.4206.4P
Uvariopsis congensis9.96.51.9184.8F
Ficus thonningii21148.2148.3F
Myrianthus arboreus8.47.22146.9F, L
Trichilia splendid3.25.711.2115.3L
Antiaris toxicaria1.7410.380.5P, L
Teclea nobilis4.918.623.377.8F
Bosqueia phoberos6.312.822.775.1L
Piper capensis0.932358.1P
Aneilema sp.0.1107.349.8L
Ficus urceolaris1.84.21746.9F, L
Illigera sp.41633.6L
Chaetacme aristata2.87.826.331.6L, B
Celtis durandii4.122.226.331.6F
Acalypha0.22.57.327.7L
Marantochloa45.823.2P
Rubus apetalus1.524.321.9F
Pterygota0.423.721.5L
Rubia cordifolia223.313.7L

The plant species are arranged in descending order of mean weight of food eaten per bout (% contribution by each plant species was estimated by calculating the average wet weight of each food item eaten per day for all food items during full day follows and converting the value obtained as a percentage of total weight of food eaten per day). Empty cells imply that data was not recorded for full day.
Where F: fruit, L: leaves, B: bark, P: pith, and g/min: grams of food ingested per minute.

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