Table of Contents
ISRN Rehabilitation
Volume 2012, Article ID 124916, 7 pages
Research Article

Effects of Multicomponent Exercise Training on Physical Functioning among Institutionalized Elderly

1Physiotherapy Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Puncak Alam Campus, 42300 Puncak Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
2Institute of Gerontology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
3School of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Allied Health Professions, AIMST University, 08100 Bedong, Kedah, Malaysia

Received 1 July 2011; Accepted 14 August 2011

Academic Editors: B. Murphy, M. PÀÀsuke, and J. J. Sosnoff

Copyright Β© 2012 Maria Justine et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This quasiexperimental study aimed to measure the effects of 12-week multicomponent exercise training on physical functioning among institutionalized elderly. Forty-three participants (age = 70.88 ± 7.82 years) were self-assigned to an intervention ( 𝑛 = 2 3 ) or control ( 𝑛 = 2 0 ) group. Before and after training, cardiorespiratory endurance, arm curl strength, grip strength, lower limb strength, upper and lower limb flexibility, balance, and mobility were assessed. The training included aerobic, resistance, balance and flexibility exercises, performed 3 times per week. Significant increases ( 𝑃 < 0 . 0 5 ) were observed in the exercise group on cardiorespiratory endurance (41.79%), right arm curl strength (25%), left arm curl strength (30.79%), right hand grip strength (13.65%), left hand grip strength (9.93%), lower limb strength (46.19%), balance (49.58%), and mobility (26.37%). Measures of flexibility in the exercise group also showed improvement (right lower limb (63.57%), left lower limb (44.17%), right upper limb (36.67%), and left upper limb (63.1%)) but were not statistically significant (all, 𝑃 > 0 . 0 5 ). The control group did not show any significant changes ( 𝑃 > 0 . 0 5 ) in any variables. The data suggested that 12-week multicomponent exercise training may improve physical functioning among institutionalized elderly.