Table of Contents
ISRN Education
Volume 2012, Article ID 138928, 14 pages
Review Article

The Many Faces of Malaysian English

Faculty of Education, National University of Malaysia, Selangor Darul Ehsan 43600, Bangi, Malaysia

Received 18 December 2011; Accepted 29 January 2012

Academic Editor: U. Moore

Copyright © 2012 Jantmary Thirusanku and Melor Md. Yunus. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper provides a brief description on the aspect of Malaysian English lexis. It starts off with the developmental cycles of new varieties of English based on three main models by three main scholars, namely, Kachru’s three concentric circles of Englishes (1994), Moag’s life-cycle model (1982), and Schneider’s dynamic model (2007). It discusses the emergence and development of Malaysian English, the nonnative variety. It also explains Baskaran’s three levels of the lectal continuum; acrolect, mesolect, and basilect. The nonnative features involved in the Malaysian English lexis are also discussed briefly; the acrolect: borrowing, the mesolect, and basilect mixing, with examples. Generally, it discusses the emergence of the new varieties, the indigenisation of English in Malaysia, and the current status of English in Malaysia.