Table of Contents
ISRN Materials Science
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 147420, 9 pages
Research Article

Characterisation of the Physical and Metallurgical Properties of Natural Iron Ore for Iron Production

1Department of Material Science and Engineering, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Brinellvägen 23, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
2Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering, College of Engineering Design Art and Technology, Makerere University, P.O. Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda

Received 26 April 2012; Accepted 10 June 2012

Academic Editors: C. Ribeiro and J. Rubio

Copyright © 2012 Abraham J. B. Muwanguzi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. World Steel in Figures, 2011, World Steel Association, Brussels , Belgium, 2011.
  2. “Evaluation of iron ore pellets and sinters for BF and DR use,” The Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 2009,
  3. M. Kumar, S. Jena, and S. K. Patel, “Characterization of properties and reduction behavior of iron ores for application in sponge ironmaking,” Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy Review, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 118–129, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. S. L. Wu, H. F. Xu, and Y. Q. Tian, “Evaluation of lump ores for use in modern blast furnaces as part of mixed burden practice,” Ironmaking and Steelmaking, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 19–23, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. T. Sharma, R. C. Gupta, and B. Prakash, “Effect of gangue content on the swelling behaviour of iron ore pellets,” Minerals Engineering, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 509–516, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. A. J. B. Muwanguzi, A. V. Karasev, J. K. Byaruhanga, and P. G. Jönsson, Characterisation of the Chemical Composition and Microstructure of Natural Iron Ore from Muko Deposits in Uganda, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2010.
  7. Iron Ores—Determination of Tumble Strength, International Standard, ISO 3271:1995(E), Geneva, 3rd edition, 1995, Case Postal 56, CH-1211.
  8. A. Chatterjee, Beyond the Blast Furnace, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla, USA, 1994.
  9. O. Lingiard, O. Burrai, C. Partemio, F. Giandoménico, P. Etchevarne, and J. M. Gonzalez, “High productivity and coke rate reduction at Siderar blast furnace #2,” in Proceedings of the 1st International Meeting on Ironmaking, Belo Horizonte, Brazil, 2001.
  10. A. K. Biswas, Principles of Blast Furnace Iron Making, SBA Publications, Calcutta, India, 2005.
  11. “Sponge Iron Report,” 2010, Sponge Iron Manufacturer's Association,
  12. “The World of Direct Reduction,” Midrex Technologies, 2000,
  13. “World Direct Reduction Statistics,” Midrex, 2008,
  14. “Raw Materials,” HYL, 2010,
  15. A. Cores, A. Babich, M. Muñiz, A. Isidro, S. Ferreira, and R. Martín, “Iron ores, fluxes and tuyere injected coals used in the blast furnace,” Ironmaking and Steelmaking, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 231–240, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. R. M. Cornell and U. Scwertmann, The Iron Oxides, Structure, Properties, Reactions, Occurrences and Use, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Germany, 2006.
  17. Iron Ores—Determination of Reducibility, International Standard, ISO 4695:1995, Switzerland, 2nd edition, 1995, Case Postale 56, CH-1211.
  18. T. Zervas, J. T. Mcmullan, and B. C. Williams, “Developments in iron and steel making,” International Journal of Energy Research, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 69–91, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. Cojić and S. Kožuh, “Development of direct reduction processes and smelting reduction processes for the steel production,” Kemija u Industriji, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 1–10, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. Kempken, G. Kleinschmidt, K. Schmale, U. Thiedemann, H. P. Gaines, and J. T. Kopfle, “Short route—long-term success: integrated mini-mill solutions by midrex and SMS demag,” Archives of Metallurgy and Materials, vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 331–336, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus