Table of Contents
ISRN Public Health
Volume 2012, Article ID 160902, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/160902
Research Article

The Association between Metabolic Syndrome-Related Indicators and Ten-Year Risk of Cardiovascular Disease: An Epidemiologic Assessment

1Department of Health Business Administration, Meiho University, Pingtung 91202, Taiwan
2Department of Public Health, College of Medicine, Fu Jen Catholic University, New Taipei City 24205, Taiwan
3Department of Food and Nutrition, Meiho University, Pingtung 91202, Taiwan
4Respiratory Care Center, Kaohsiung Armed Forces General Hospital, Kaohsiung City 80284, Taiwan
5Graduate Institute of Health Care, Meiho University, Pingtung 91202, Taiwan
6School of Public Health, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei City 11490, Taiwan

Received 1 September 2011; Accepted 18 October 2011

Academic Editor: K. Søgaard

Copyright © 2012 Tsan Yang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objectives. This study explored the association between metabolic syndrome-related indicators and the ten-year risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the middle-aged and elderly population. Methods. Data were collected from residents in Southern Taiwan through a health screening program, carried out from March 2007 to May 2008. The present study used the risk assessment tool of the Framingham Heart Study and adopted ≦10% as low risk, 11~20% as medium risk, and > 20% as high risk for CVD. Results. We found that subjects with abdominal obesity and hypertension had significantly higher 10-year risk for CVD than those who had normal waist circumference and blood pressure ( O R = 2 . 0 7 and 24.52, resp.). Subjects with hypertriglyceridemia were 1.86 times more at risk for developing medium risk of CVD than those who had normal triglyceride levels. Furthermore, individuals with reduced high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) had significantly higher 10-year risk for CVD than those who had normal HDL-C. Conclusions. Metabolic syndrome-related indicators were positively associated with 10-year risk for CVD. Waist circumference (WC), blood pressure, triglyceride and HDL-C might be good indicators for predicting the risk of CVD for middle-aged and elderly populations.