Table of Contents
ISRN AIDS
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 170739, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/170739
Research Article

Motivating Factors and Psychosocial Barriers to Condom Use among out-of-School Youths in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: A Cross Sectional Survey Using the Health Belief Model

1National AIDS Control Programme Division, Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, P.O. Box 11857, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
2Community Health Department, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, P.O. Box 2240, Moshi, Tanzania

Received 21 June 2012; Accepted 22 August 2012

Academic Editors: D. Aunis, M. Gherardi, S. Kravcik, H. C. Mwandumba, and J. Poudrier

Copyright © 2012 E. Katikiro and B. Njau. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. UNFPA, “Youth and HIV/AIDS Fact Sheet: State of the World population,” http://www.unfpa.org/swp/.../factsheets/facts_youth.htm, 2009.
  2. Tanzania Commission for AIDS (TACAIDS), Zanzibar AIDS Commission (ZAC), National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), and Office of the Chief Government Statistician (OCGS) & Inc, Tanzania HIV/AIDS and Malaria Indicator Survey 2007-08, TACAIDS, ZAC, NBS, OCGS, and Macro International Inc, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 2008.
  3. UNGASS/TACAIDS, “UNGASS reporting for 2010: Tanzania Mainland & Zanzibar,” http://www.unaids.org/.../countryprogressreports/2010, 2010.
  4. International Youth Foundation website, http://www.iyfnet.org/document.cfm/748.
  5. UNAIDS/WHO, “Epidemiological Fact sheet on HIV and AIDS (pdf),” http://apps.who.int/globalatlas/predefinedReports/EFS2008/full/EFS2008_IN.pdf, 2010.
  6. B. Njau, S. Mtweve, L. Barongo et al., “The influence of peers and other significant persons on sexuality and condom-use among young adults in nothern Tanzania,” African Journal of AIDS Research, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 33–40, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  7. G. Calazanz, R. Dias, G. Venturi, and V. Paiva, “Age and condom use at first secual intercourse of Brazilian adolescents,” Revista de Saude Publica, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 45–53, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. H. Alemu, D. H. Mariam, K. A. Belay, and G. Davey, “Factors predisposing out-of-school youths to HIV/AIDS-related risky sexual behaviour in northwest Ethiopia,” Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 344–350, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. L. A. Lema, R. S. Katapa, and A. S. Musa, “Knowledge on HIV/AIDS and sexual behaviour among youths in Kibaha District, Tanzania,” Tanzania journal of health research, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 79–83, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. N. Prata, L. Morris, E. Mazive, F. Vahidnia, and M. Stehr, “Relationship between HIV risk perception and condom use: Evidence from a population-based survey in Mozambique,” International family planning perspectives, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 192–200, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. S. M. Noar, “Behavioral interventions to reduce HIV-related sexual risk behavior: Review and synthesis of meta-analytic evidence,” AIDS and Behavior, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 335–353, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. H. Muela, J. M. Ribera, and I. Nyamongo, “Health seeking behaviour and health system response,” DCPP Working Paper 14, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  13. V. L. Champion and C. S. Skinner, “The Heath Belief Model,” in Health Behavior & Health Education: Theory, Research and Practice, Glanz et al., Ed., pp. 45–65, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, Calif, USA, 4th edition, 20082008. View at Google Scholar
  14. National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), “Population and Housing Census 2002,” General Report, National Bureau of Statistics, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  15. Kinondoni Municipal Profile, http://www.kmc.go.tz/, 2008.
  16. A. O. Adebiyi and M. C. Asuzu, “Condom use amongst out of school youths in a local government area in Nigeria,” African Health Sciences, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 92–97, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. H. Hounton, H. Carabin, and N. J. Henderson, “Towards an understanding of barriers to condom use in rural Benin using the health belief model: a cross sectional survey,” BMC Public Health, vol. 5, no. 8, pp. 1471–2458, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. O. O. Lawoyin and R. M. Kanthula, “Factors that influence attitudes and sexual behavior among constituency youth workers in Oshana Region, Namibia,” African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 55–69, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. L. Lauby, L. Bond, D. Eroǧlu, and H. Batson, “Decisional balance, perceived risk and HIV testing practices,” AIDS and Behavior, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 83–92, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. O. Prochaska, “Moving beyond the transtheoretical model,” Addiction, vol. 101, no. 6, pp. 768–774, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. A. Outlaw, S. Naar-King, H. Janisse, and J. T. Parsons, “Predictors of condom use in a multisite study of high-risk youth living with HIV,” AIDS Education and Prevention, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 1–14, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. A. Bandura, Social Learning Theories, Printice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, USA, 1997.
  23. J. D. Fisher and W. A. Fiseher, “Theoretical approaches to individual-level change in HIV risk behaviours,” in Handbook of HIV Prevention, (AIDS Prevention and Mental Health), J. L. Peterson and R. J. DiClemente, Eds., pp. 3–48, Kluwer Academic/Plenum, New York, NY, USA, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  24. K. L. Hall and J. S. Rossi, “Meta-analytic examination of the strong and weak principles across 48 health behaviors,” Preventive Medicine, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 266–274, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. L. M. Romero, J. S. Galbraith, L. Wilson-Williams, and K. M. Gloppen, “HIV prevention among African American Youth: how well have evidence-based interventions addressed key theoretical constructs?” AIDS and Behavior, pp. 1–16, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus