Table of Contents
ISRN Nanomaterials
Volume 2012, Article ID 193836, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/193836
Review Article

Influence of Nanofinishes on the Antimicrobial Properties of Fabrics

NIFT TEA College of Knitwear Fashion, Tirupur 641 606, India

Received 20 September 2012; Accepted 12 November 2012

Academic Editors: A. Fidalgo, A. A. Ismail, and A. Kelarakis

Copyright © 2012 N. Gokarneshan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper critically reviews the influence of the various types of nanomaterials on the antibacterial property of the treated fabrics. The merits of each type of nanomaterial have been compared. The synthesis and application method of each type are highlighted. As the number of microorganisms is growing increasingly resistant to antibiotics, the need to treat fabrics with nano materials becomes important in order to improve the antibacterial efficacy over a range of bacterium and fungi. The various researches reported herein show a promise for wider applications in medical textiles. Nano finishes have been applied on natural materials such as cotton, wool, and silk and also synthetic materials such as PET fabrics, with interesting results.