Table of Contents
ISRN Education
Volume 2012, Article ID 234125, 5 pages
Research Article

Tools for Change: An Examination of Transformative Learning and Its Precursor Steps in Undergraduate Students

1Graduate School of Business, Touro College, New York, NY 10006, USA
2Department of Mathematical Sciences, Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, NJ 07030-5991, USA

Received 3 January 2012; Accepted 22 February 2012

Academic Editor: B. Marlow

Copyright © 2012 Sabra Brock et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


In this quantitative study of college students spanning three waves, the 10 theoretical precursor steps of transformational learning did predict its occurrence. The most consistent predictor was the step of reflection. Maturity and ethnicity also showed a predictive value, but college major was not a significant differentiator for transformative learning.