Table of Contents
ISRN Public Health
Volume 2012, Article ID 252738, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/252738
Research Article

Evaluation of a Fresh Fruit Distribution Program in an Ethnically Diverse San Francisco High School

Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA

Received 14 June 2012; Accepted 19 July 2012

Academic Editors: W. Aekplakorn and S. M. Pezzotto

Copyright © 2012 Jason M. Nagata et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objectives. We evaluated the effects of a Department of Education Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program (FFVP) on food consumption habits in an inner-city, San Francisco high school. Methods. One intervention high school received a California state grant from the Department of Education to distribute fruit biweekly from fall 2008 to spring 2010 and coordinate associated nutrition education. Students completed 1793 surveys at the intervention school and 778 surveys at a comparison school that assessed fruit, vegetable, fast food and soda consumption habits. Pearson's chi-squared tests were used to compare consumption of foods. Results. At the end of the intervention period, the percentage of students consuming soft drinks once or more per day was significantly lower in the intervention versus comparison school (3.1% versus 8.9%, 𝑃 = 0 . 0 1 ). Consumption of candy once or more per week was also lower in the intervention versus the comparison school in fall 2009 (55.7% versus 64.0%, 𝑃 = 0 . 0 1 ). No significant changes in fruit and vegetable consumption were observed in the intervention or comparison schools. Conclusions. Fruit distribution programs in high schools may decrease high school students' consumption of soft drinks and candy.